Wednesday, January 18, 2012

International Days, National Days - Month-wise Lists


Knol Month of Regional Content - August
India Knol Month - August Campaign - Indian Knol Author Knol Information - India Knol Competitions
Friendship Day - First Sunday of August - 2 August 2009
International Day of the World Indigenous People - 9 August



World Alzheimer’s Day - 21 Septermber



Knol Months for Home Page Categories of Knol

Christian Sacred Days

Christian Festivals & Holy Days

Advent: time of preparation for observing the birth of Jesus.  Advent begins on the
Sunday nearest November 30 and is the beginning of the Christian worship year.  The season continues to the end of December 24.

All Hallow’s Eve: celebration as a prelude to All Saints Day.

All Saints’ Day:  day for honouring saints and a Holy Day of Obligation in the Roman
Catholic Church where saints have special formal status.

All Souls’ Day  : sometimes called the "Day of the Dead", this is always
November 2nd (celebrated on November 3rd if the 2nd is a Sunday). A Roman Catholic
day of remembrance for remembering friends and loved ones who have passed away.

Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary: celebration on 25th  March of the visit
by the Angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary announcing  the coming birth of Jesus.

Ascension of Jesus:    Celebrates the ascension of Jesus into heaven.

Ash Wednesday: The day Lent begins,  forty days before Good Friday.  Some
churches hold services at which worshippers are marked with ashes as a symbol
of death, and sorrow for sin. The use of ashes, made by burning palm crosses from the
previous Palm Sunday, is very symbolic.

Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary:  Roman Catholic observance honouring
the belief that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was was taken directly to heaven at her death.

Candlemas:   This festival takes place 40 days after Christmas and comes from two
separate events- the presentation of Jesus in the temple and the purification of the
Virgin Mary.

Christ the King:  Roman Catholic celebration of the pre-eminence of Jesus over all
earthly authorities.

Christmas Day:
The Christmas season begins at sundown on 24 December and lasts through sundown
on 5 January.

Christmas Eve:   Celebration of the arrival of Mary and Joseph in Bethlehem for the
birth of Jesus.

Easter:  The most holy of Christian sacred days. The day commemorates the
resurrection of Jesus Christ from his death by crucifixion.

Epiphany: Celebrated by most Christians  on January 6 to commemorate the
presentation of the infant Jesus to the  Magi, or three wise  men. Roman Catholics
celebrate Epiphany on the Sunday which falls between January 2 and January 8.

Feast of St. Basil:  Orthodox celebration of the liturgy.

Good Friday:  remembrance of the crucifixion of Jesus and related events.

Holy Pascha:   Greek and Russian Orthodox festival celebrating the resurrection of

Holy Thursday:  Observance of the final meal that Jesus observed with his disciples. It
is usually observed with the Sacrament of Holy Communion.

Holy Saturday:  Saturday before Easter – a time of meditation on the mystery of Jesus

Holy Week:   Christians observe the week before Easter with solemn ceremonies
based on events in Jesus’ life, especially on Holy Thursday and Good Friday.

Lammas:  First fruits celebration observed by placing bread baked from first harvest
on the altar.

Lazarus Saturday: Greek and Russian Orthodox festival remembering the
resurrection of Lazarus by Jesus. Observed on the day before Palm Sunday, attention is
called to the resurrection of people by Jesus.

Lent:  forty day period of preparation for Easter. A time of intense devotion, it is
observed by fasting.

Meatfare Sunday: Greek and Russian Orthodox observation of limiting of food in
order to fix attention on the Second Coming of Christ.

Nativity of the Mother of God:  Greek and Russian Orthodox celebration of the
birth of Mary, mother of Jesus.

Palm Sunday:  celebration of the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem. The day begins Holy
Week and is observed by worship celebrations and parades using palm branches.

Pentecost:  celebration of the day when the Holy Spirit came to the disciples in the
forms of tongues of fire and rushing wind. It is a traditional day for baptism and
confirmation of new Christians.

Sacred Heart: Catholic occasion to pay homage to Christ’s all encompassing love for

Hindu Festivals


Pongal - Sankranti

Gudi Padva, Ugadi, Chaitra Navaratra Celebrations
Rama Navami




Vinayaka Chaturdhi - Ganesh Chaturdhi - Vinayaka Chaviti





Hindu Festivals


Tuesday, January 17, 2012

World Tourism Day - 27 September


2011 World Tourism Day

World Tourism Day (WTD) 2011 is being celebrated under the theme "Tourism – Linking Cultures."

This year’s theme is a celebration of tourism’s role in linking together the cultures of the world through travel. With millions of people travelling the world each year, never before have so many people been to so many places, nor been so exposed to other cultures. This interaction between individuals and communities, and their diverse cultures, leads to tolerance, respect and mutual understanding - the building blocks for a more peaceful world.
Official programme in Egypt

Facilitating Travel for Persons with Disabled Persons

UNWTO taking steps.

Media Release 20 June 2011


European Tourism Day 2011

Himachal Pradesh Tourism site
Sri Lanka
Interesting initiative in Sri Lnaka for WTD 2011


Global Code of Ethics for Tourism

Index Page

Pdf file for download full text in English


Knols on Tourism



Articles for Tour Operators and Agents

Saturday, January 7, 2012

Bibliodiversity - International Day - 21 September

Bibliodiversity refers to availability of number of titles on a topic so that somebody can create a bibliography for a topic of interest and learn diverse viewpoints, examples and explanations. It is being forcefully advocated by book publishers who want space for many independent small publishers. If only few large publishing houses are encouraged, commercial interests will prevail and truth and knowledge will get subordinated to commercial interests.

What is true for print world is true for online world also. While search engines encouraged large number of websites, some encyclopedic publications are promoting single source knowledge. They want to use the resources at their command to thwart competitors. They pride themselves on being the only surviving and prospering online academic knowledge source.

Internet participants and social media writers have to recognize the need for bibliodiversity and encourage more online academic knowledge platforms.

Christmas - December 25

Lyric:  In lyrics007    right click and open in a separate window


Christmas Channel on YouTube

Knols On Christmas


Christmas Shopping - Shopping Guide

Search Link for Christmas Knols
1311 results on 19.11.2011
From Wikipedia

Christmas or Christmas Day is a holiday[5][6][7] generally observed on December 25 (with alternative days of January 6, 7 and 19[2]) to commemorate the birth of Jesus, the central figure of Christianity.[8][9] The exact birthday of Jesus is not known, and historians place his year of birth some time between 7 BC and 2 BC. Narratives of his birth are included in two of the Canonical gospels in the New Testament of the Bible.
The date of Christmas may have initially been chosen to correspond with either the day exactly nine months after Christians believe Jesus to have been conceived,[10] the date of the Roman winter solstice,[11] or one of various ancient winter festivals.[10][12] Christmas is central to the Christmas and holiday season, and in Christianity marks the beginning of the larger season of Christmastide, which lasts twelve days.[13]
Although nominally a Christian holiday, Christmas is celebrated by an increasing number of non-Christians worldwide,[1][14][15] and many of its popular celebratory customs have pre-Christian or secular themes and origins. Popular modern customs of the holiday include gift-giving, music, an exchange of Christmas cards, church celebrations, a special meal, and the display of various decorations; including Christmas trees, lights, garlands, mistletoe, nativity scenes, and holly. In addition, several figures, known as Saint Nicholas, Father Christmas, and Santa Claus, among other names, are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season.[16]
Because gift-giving and many other aspects of the Christmas festival involve heightened economic activity among both Christians and non-Christians, the holiday has become a significant event and a key sales period for retailers and businesses. The economic impact of Christmas is a factor that has grown steadily over the past few centuries in many regions of the world.

  1. ^ a b Christmas as a Multi-faith Festival—BBC News. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
  2. ^ a b Several traditions of Eastern Christianity that use the Julian calendar also celebrate on December 25 according to that calendar, which is now January 7 on the Gregorian calendar. Armenian Churches observed the nativity on January 6 even before the Gregorian calendar originated. Most Armenian Christians use the Gregorian calendar, still celebrating Christmas Day on January 6. Some Armenian churches use the Julian calendar, thus celebrating Christmas Day on January 19 on the Gregorian calendar, with January 18 being Christmas Eve.
  3. ^ Ramzy, John. "The Glorious Feast of Nativity: 7 January? 29 Kiahk? 25 December?". Coptic Orthodox Church Network. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c "Christmas in Bethlehem".
  5. ^ Canadian Heritage – Public holidaysGovernment of Canada. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
  6. ^ 2009 Federal HolidaysU.S. Office of Personnel Management. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
  7. ^ Bank holidays and British Summer timeHM Government. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
  8. ^ Christmas, Merriam-Webster. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
    Archived 2009-10-31.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Christmas", The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913.
  10. ^ a b c McGowan, Andrew. "How December 25 Became Christmas, Biblical Archaeology Review, Retrieved 2009-12-13". Retrieved 2011-02-24.
  11. ^ a b Newton, Isaac, Observations on the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John (1733). Ch. XI.
    A sun connection is possible because Christians consider Jesus to be the "sun of righteousness" prophesied in Malachi 4:2.
  12. ^ a b "Christmas", Encarta
    Roll, Susan K., Toward the Origins of Christmas, (Peeters Publishers, 1995), p.130.
    Tighe, William J., "Calculating Christmas". Archived 2009-10-31.
  13. ^ "The Christmas Season". CRI / Voice, Institute. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
  14. ^ Why I celebrate Christmas, by the world's most famous atheistDailyMail. December 23, 2008. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  15. ^ Non-Christians focus on secular side of ChristmasSioux City Journal. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  16. ^ "Poll: In a changing nation, Santa endures", Associated Press, December 22, 2006. Retrieved November 18, 2009.


Wikipedia content included under creative commons

It has more topics on Christmas in the article


More Articles on Christmas