Tuesday, March 20, 2012

International Day of Non-Violence, 2 October

International Day of Non-Violence, 2 October

International Day of Non-Violence, 2 October

The General Assembly of United Nations decides, with effect from the sixty-second session of the General Assembly and guided by the Charter of the United Nations, to observe the International Day of Non-Violence on 2 October each year, with the International Day being brought to the attention of all people for its celebration and observance on this date.


About the Day

Picture Credit: The Hindu.com
2 October is the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the person who practiced and preached non-violent struggle for freedom from oppression of all sorts. He led India to freedom on this method. He is a rival to Karl Marx in thought. Struggle against oppression is the theme in both of their writings. Gandhi and his followers chose non-violence as the path and Marx and his followers chose violence as the path.
Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly: A/RES/61/271 of 27 June 2007

Bearing in mind that non-violence, tolerance, full respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, democracy, development, mutual understanding and respect for diversity are interlinked and mutually reinforcing,

Reaffirming the universal relevance of the principle of non-violence, and desiring to secure a culture of peace, tolerance, understanding and non-violence
  1. Decides, with effect from the sixty-second session of the General Assembly and guided by the Charter of the United Nations, to observe the International Day of Non-Violence on 2 October each year, with the International Day being brought to the attention of all people for its celebration and observance on this date;
  2. Invites all Member States, organizations of the United Nations system, regional and non-governmental organizations and individuals to commemorate the International Day of Non-Violence in an appropriate manner and to disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness;
  3. Requests the Secretary-General to recommend ways and means by which the United Nations system and the United Nations Secretariat could, within existing resources, assist Member States, upon request, in organizing activities to commemorate the International Day of Non-Violence;
  4. Also requests the Secretary-General to take necessary measures, within existing resources, for the observance by the United Nations of the International Day of Non-Violence;
  5. Further requests the Secretary-General to keep the General Assembly informed at its sixty-third session of the implementation of the present resolution, within the United Nations system, as regards the observance of the International Day of Non-Violence.


Thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji sitting behind a spinning  wheel or charkha, reading
 from some  papers that he holds in his right hand.

Caricature by Ms. Shafali

" When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love has always won. There have been tyrants and murderers and for a time they seem invincible, but in the end, they always fall — think of it, always. What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans, and the homeless, whether the mad destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or the holy name of liberty and democracy?

An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.

There are many causes that I am prepared to die for but no causes that I am prepared to kill for."

Mahatma Gandhi
The Story of My Experiments with Truth, 1927

If mankind was not habitually non-violent, it would have been self-destroyed ages ago.

Mahatma Gandhi

Young India, 2.1.1930

Thoughts Of Mahatma Gandhi

Brute Force or Violent Struggle and Passive Resistance - Gandhiji's Comparsion

International Day of Non Violence 2011

Gandhi's transformative and transcendent approach had deep roots in India’s past. Some two thousand years earlier, Emperor Ashoka renounced recourse to war and devoted himself to the peaceful development of his society. His idea of peace and non-violence extended to the protection of animals and trees – sustainability before its time.

Others around the world have carried this banner, from Chico Mendes in Brazil to the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in the United States, from Nelson Mandela in South Africa to Professor Wangari Maathai in Kenya. All of these leaders inspired global movements in which they were joined by countless others who embraced non-violence as a core value and animating principle.

The timeless power of non-violence, which has accomplished so much in the past year alone, has a vital role to play in all countries, including established democracies. On this International Day, let us re-commit to supporting non-violence. Non-violence is not only an effective tactic; it is a strategy and the ultimate vision. Durable ends such as peace can only come through durable means – non-violence.

Ban Ki-moon in his message on the occasion
Read full message: http://www.un.org/en/events/nonviolenceday/sgmessages.shtml

International Day of Non-Violence 2008

UN Secretary-General's Message on the Observance of the International Day of Non-Violence

(2 October 2008)
This year, the International Day of Non-Violence takes on special significance.

The Day, which marks the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, falls during the sixtieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

There is a profound philosophical connection between the fundamental principles of human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration and those practiced by Mahatma Gandhi.

The answer for Mahatma Gandhi was always found in action. As he said, “An ounce of practice is worth more than tons of preaching.”

The rest of us can seek to emulate his spirit only by practicing the tenets of non-violence, justice and peace.

Today, the legacy and the principles of the Mahatma are carried forward in our celebration of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. They are carried forward through the activities of the United Nations and our invaluable partners in civil society: religious leaders, teachers, artists and so many others.

Out task is to ensure that the rights in the Declaration are a living reality -- that they are known, understood and enjoyed by everyone, everywhere.

It is often those who most need their human rights protected, who also need to be informed that the Declaration exists -- and that it exists for them.

The rights of too many people around the world are still violated. That is why the Mahatma’s legacy is more important than ever.

On this International Day of Non-Violence, and this sixtieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, may Mahatma Gandhi inspire us in our mission.

Ban Ki-moon


International Day of Non - Violence 2010

Secretary-General's Message for 2010

The International Day of Non-Violence marks the birth date of one of the doctrine’s leading voices, Mahatma Gandhi.  “Non-violence”, Gandhi said, “is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind.” 

We at the United Nations strive to harness the power of non-violence to overcome prejudice, end conflict, and cultivate mutual respect and understanding among peoples and countries.  Indeed, the creed of non-violence echoes through the United Nations Charter: “To practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours”; “to ensure ... that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest.”

We work every day to bring these lofty principles to life.  We do this by promoting human rights, seeking to resolve conflicts through peaceful means, campaigning to eliminate violence against women, working to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, and building bridges across cultures and countering hatred and extremism everywhere.

This work cannot be left to governments or international organizations alone.  Peace may be achieved around the negotiating table, but it is sustained around community tables.  Peace starts with people -- it flows from the hearts of committed women and men.  Communities, families, and individuals all have a critical role to play in defeating violence and creating a culture of peace.    

On this International Day of Non-Violence, let us work together to use the great force of non-violence to build peaceful and just societies for ourselves and for our children. 

Ban Ki-moon 
Meeting in New York
2nd October 9.30 am to 1.30 pm


Gandhian Thought





Selling of Gandhi Autobiography by Students of NITIE

Shanti Eva Jayate Campaign



International Day of Non-Violence 2009

New York
On Friday, 2 October 2009, from 5 to 6 p.m. in the Penthouse of the Dag Hammarskj√∂ld Library in New York, there will be a commemoration       of the International Day of Non-Violence and release of a commemorative stamp by the United Nations Postal Administration.


Non-Violence and Gandhi - Web Resources

Gandhi's Speech - From Gandhi Film
Source for the links: http://www.mkgandhi-sarvodaya.org/articles/article.htm


Related Articles

Nonviolent Power and the End of Domination, by Jack Duvall, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict,
Gandhi Center working paper.


International and National Days - Knols




Very Informative Piece on Mahatma Gandhi

Thanks Raogaaru,
For this informative piece, A timely piece on this great day.
I don't know somehow I missed it. I made some changes hope its acceptable to you.
With best regards,
Philip ariel
Raogaaru, pl add a picture at the top of the knol, if you can invite me as a co-other i can post one picture or stamp of Gamdhiji

P V Ariel - 24 Sep 2011

Thank you. At NITIE, we ask our students to post their assignments on Knol. That way the knowledge gathered by the students is available to all other students of the institute as well as other students in all institutions across the world. Many other faculty members in various countries are also doing the same and Knol now has many articles which are posted by students. Some of them are excellent and very useful articles.

Let us see how we will get more authors for Knol.

Thank you for the reply.

Narayana Rao - 24 Sep 2011

Great idea again,
Have a good day

P V Ariel - 24 Sep 2011

Thank you for the edits.

I am surprised to see that there are 258 page views in this week for this knol. This is what I call traction of Knol. If we at least post a useful theme first and then slowly add content, people are coming to the Knol platform.

We need to appreciate an author if he starts a good theme. Then encourage him to add more and more content. Social media articles take time to develop. Visitors also understand it and appreciate it and cooperate with you. It will be good if existing knol authors recruit one additional knol author by December 2011. Such a campaign will double knol authors and increase knols and visitors.

Narayana Rao - 24 Sep 2011


P V Ariel - 03 Oct 2010

It is nice and also contacting Shafali is also a good initiative. Collaboration among Knol authors in enhance because of such requests and permissions.

Thank you.

Narayana Rao - 03 Oct 2010

I just added one more pic of Shafali with her permission, is that ok the place where I placed?

P V Ariel - 03 Oct 2010

Thats really good, let us think of new ideas to promote our knols as well the Knol platform
Thanks for your suggestion, I just added one collection in the interesting knols hope you checked and i posted a comment too to the knol author's page

P V Ariel - 03 Oct 2010

Thank you for inclusion of picture. As you can see in one day it attracted 200 page views. I am now appealing to knol authors. Come with themes. We can select some knols and make them trending for a day. Like there can be a theme on Kerala. Onam has just gone. But Kerala tourism can be a theme. If some knols are there, we can promote them on a particular day and get some good visitors. Knol will get some good advertisement and publicity due to that. Plus we are helping the cause or theme in our limited way.

Narayana Rao - 02 Oct 2010

Thank you for the comment and for improvement to the knol.These knols come into circulation for limited time every year. So likelihood of missing them is very high. I made similar knols for many international and national days. They get visitors for a limited period of time and will go into hibernation for a year. That is fine.

I thank you for the offer of coauthor. I sent the invitation. I am grateful to you for the offer.

I request you to become coauthor for another knol.


In this knol, each of us can give some knols which we like from the new knols posted or edited on a day or even old knols if we want to give them (Knols that do not have most viewed or top pick badges) and that way highlight some more knols to visitors. In the case of trending knols, our selection is quantitative. Here the selection is qualitative. Whatever knols you want to recommend you can give. You can give other language knols also. It will be good if we can identify even 50 knols per day. It is ok if we cannot give even one on a day either because we are all busy or because there is nothing worthwhile on a day. Trending Knols will become a most viewed knol by today. I hope this knol also will become popular and help knol authors and Knol platform.


Narayana Rao - 02 Oct 2010

Short url


Narayana Rao - 02 Oct 2010

Good work.


Rajamanickam Antonimuthu - 02 Oct 2010