Monday, December 17, 2012

18 December - International Migrants Day.

The 132 UNO Member States  participated in the General Assembly's High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development on 14-15 September 2006 reaffirmed the importance of international migration and human rights of migrants. . First,  international migration was a growing phenomenon and it could make a positive contribution to development in countries of origin and countries of destination provided it was supported by the right policies. Secondly, they emphasized that respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of all migrants was essential to reap the benefits of international migration. Thirdly, they recognized the importance of strengthening international cooperation on international migration bilaterally, regionally and globally.

UNO is making continuous  efforts to study and guide the member states on international migration. On 18 December 1990, the General Assembly had adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.

On 4 December 2000, the UN General Assembly, taking into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world, proclaimed 18 December as International Migrants Day.

UNO urges Member States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to observe International Migrants Day through the dissemination of information on the human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants, and through the sharing of experiences and the design of actions to ensure their protection.

International migration today

The total number of international migrants has increased over the last 10 years from an estimated 150 million in 2000 to 214 million persons today.

Remittances which also indicate the importance of migration have increased exponentially: up from USD 132 billion in 2000 to an estimated USD 440 billion in 2010.

Secretary General's Message for 2012

Migrant Manifesto YouTube video
Being promoted by Migrants Rights Organizations


Migrant workers rights in Ireland - Guides in various languages

Sunday, December 16, 2012

Engineers' Day India - 15th September

Engineers' Day India - 15th September

Engineers' Day India - 15th September

Birthday of Bharata Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

September 15 is a memorable day in the annals of the engineering fraternity in the country as on this day in 1861 (many many years ago), Bharata Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, the towering personality in the history of Indian engineering, was born. Indian Engineers celebrate Engineers' Day This year the the Institution of Engineers had chosen the theme ‘Engineering Preparedness for Disaster Mitigation’.



About The Day                                                                                                   

September 15 is a memorable day in the annals of the engineering fraternity in the country  as on this day 148 years ago, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, the towering personality in the history of Indian engineering, was born.
In recognition of his monumental services towards national development and for the cause of engineering, Sir Visvesvaraya was honoured by the country’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, in the year 1955. The Institution of Engineers (India) observes September 15 every year as the Engineers’ Day.
Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya
Birthday 15 September 1861
About Sir Visvesvarayya
Number of Interesting Incidents in a post on Google plus by Pampana V. Rao
Information from 2013 onwards please visitGreat Engineers of India - Collection by Narayana Rao


44th Engineer's Day - 2011

Theme: Engineering Preparedness for Disaster Mitigation

43rd Engineers' Day - 15 September 2010

For this year the Council of the Institution of Engineers India had selected the theme “Impending Paradigm Shift in Engineering Sciences and Future Challenges”.

We are currently at the early but secure and irreversible stages of a remarkable and far reaching technological revolution. The engineering sectors have emerged as a science based knowledge intensive high technology area with serious repercussion for technical change, competitiveness, growth in employment, trade patterns, location of manufacturing activities and global division of labour. Moreover an essential part of the new development is to make attempts to resolve the pressing environmental problems and preserve the global eco-system.

Therefore an overhauling of our approach to meet the new challenges is much required. The agents of change are driving a new paradigm shift today. The signs are all around us. The introduction of the personal computer and the internet impacted both personal and business environments, and is a catalyst for a paradigm Shift. We are shifting from a mechanistic manufacturing industrial society to an organic, service based, information centered society, and increases in technology will continue to impact globally. New issues are emerging as a sequel of this shift in focus.  Multidisciplinary Engineering Sciences integrating the sciences with engineering has created a new demand on the engineering and technological institutions and has consequently brought in New Challenges for them. Change is inevitable. Let’s open the dialogue and let IEI, the premier professional body of Engineers address the issue in its right perspective at the 43rd Engineers Day.
Courtesy: ieindiadotinfo
Source referred to by me:

Visit a related article discussing the Digital Economy Trends: Digital Economy Trends

42nd Engineers' Day - September 2009                                                     

Green is the theme for this year.
As a part of celebration of the day, a central theme of national importance is chosen every year and deliberated at various State and Local Centres as well as the Overseas Chapters of the Institution to educate the society and the engineering community as well. This year the the Institution had chosen the theme ‘Engineering Solutions to Combat Climate Change’.

Institute Bulletin On The Theme

Climate change has become serious threat to society affecting environment, terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity. Mankind’s relentless and ever increasing consumption of fossil fuels is the major cause behind climate change. Our dependency on carbon based fuels has resulted in rapid increase of atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases, and the outcome is global warming resulting in more frequent severe weather conditions and damage to many natural ecosystems.
'Carbon footprint’ which is a measure of the impact of human activities on the amount of greenhouse gases needs to be radically reduced. Companies, products, services have to bear the social responsibility of kicking out carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Combating climate change requires the commercialization of low emission technologies in various sections of application. The engineering fraternity has a special role to play to neutralize the adverse effects on the climate. Efforts should continue for producing power using solar photovoltaic, second generation biofuels, fourth generation nuclear fuels and developing smarter grid capacity for transmission. Conservation of water, efficient management of solid wastes and generating wealth from them by recycling process, figuring out the hot spots of energy consumption and associated CO2 emissions are some of the key areas where the engineers can apply their specialized knowledge for combating climate change.
Growth without GHG emission is the need of the day. Application of green technologies, phasing out GHG producing sources and combating the existing effects on climate are the areas of emphasis if the globe is to be saved from extinction.
Conservation of natural resources by adopting strategies for reducing, reusing, recycling and applying engineering solutions for combating emission of GHG is the need which requires addressing by engineers.
Related Knols

News of Celebration 2009


Andhra Pradesh

M.R. Madhav, JNTU professor emeritus, has been selected for the ‘Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Award’ given by Institution of Engineers (India), A.P. State centre, in recognition of his outstanding contribution in engineering and technology. Five others also will receive the award for the year 2009. 


Engineers' Day was celebarated at Central Design Organization.
It is a premier designs organisation in  the  state dealing with the design work of the irrigation structures include the concrete gravity dams, Earth dams and Earth cum Rockfill dams and Lift irrigation Schemes, Design of Bridges, Undertunnels, Aqueducts, Regulators, Tunnels, canal  alignments and also the design of Radial and Vertical Lift gates and their ancilliary works etc.
Er. B. Lakshmana Rao, Joint Secretary (Technical) Government of Andhra Pradesh addressed the gathering as a chief guest and recounted the achievement of Bharata Ratna Shri. Visweswarayya.
Mr. Lakshmana Rao exhorted the fellow engineers to follow the foot steps of the above eminent engineer and treat him as their ROLE MODEL.

Projects worth of Rs.1.50 lakh crores were taken up under the Jala Yajnam in the state under the able leadership of the late legend Dr. YSR and the engineers of the state should continue them with tempo and vigour to complete them in the stipulated time as scheduled.

Two young engineers Mrs Shanti and Mr Kishan have presented technical lectures as a part of the programme.

 Uttara Pradesh

In Varanasi, the local centre of IEI has organised a programme on Tuesday, inviting environmentalist-cum-engineering professor Veer Bhadra Mishra, who is also the president of Sankata Mochan Foundation ( SMF). Mishra is  a retired professor from the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (IT-BHU) in the area of fluid mechanics. He has been nominated as a member of the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA). Mishra was recognised on the United Nations Environmental Global 500 Roll of Honour in 1992 and was a TIME Magazine's Hero of the Planet recipient in 1999 for his work related to cleaning of the Ganga.
Dr. Mishra advocates the application of Advanced Integrated Wastewater Oxidation Pond System (AIWPS) technology for the treatment of sewage. His efforts resulted in its inclusion in the second phase of GAP in Varanasi. The AIWPS technology has been developed and designed by W Oswald and his associate Bailey Green at the University of California in Berkeley, US.

He claims that unlike other technologies used in GAP of Varanasi, the AIWPS technology is carbon negative.  It has established the most efficient way to use solar energy for algal photosynthetic oxygen release from the supporting water and discovering the special design requirements to foster pond methane formation. According to him, this technology has been successfully used at many places in California and elsewhere.

AIWPS is a series of four ponds - advance facultative pond (AFP), high rate pond (HRP), algal settling pond (ASP) and maturation pond (MP). The wastewater is screened and de-gritted before it is allowed to go through the AIWPS. In this technology, produced methane gas is purified 85-88 per cent and collected in the submerged gas collectors. The greenhouse gas emission is minimised and carbon dioxide generated during fermentation and electricity generation is absorbed in the pond. The system is designed to grow crop of algae and release a maximum amount of free molecular oxygen in dissolved state (DO) to the surrounding water under controlled conditions. The DO in soluble form goes to bacteria, which break down organic waste.

Institute of Engineers India


Climate Engineering

Some proposals
J Eric Bigel University of Texas and Lee Lane, American Enterprise Institute
Boats spray seawater droplets inot clouds above the sea to make them reflect more sunlight back into space. This marine cloud technology costing $9 billion can help to fight global warming.
McGill's economist, Chris Green advocates that $100 billion annually commitment to non-carbon based energy research could result in discoveries and technological development that can stop global warming within a century. Technology led effort would have a greater chance of real success and people involvement.


Short url

Narayana Rao - 14 Sep 2010

Great Engineers of India

Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Kurien Verghese - Amul Diary
E.Sridharan - Metro Man

45 ENGINEERS’ DAY -15 September 2012 Theme

“Appropriate Climate-Responsive Technologies for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development”

Monday, December 10, 2012

11 December Burkina Faso National Day

Burkina Faso - Country Information

On 11 December 1958, Burkina Faso(Then with the name The Republic of Upper Volta)  achieved self-government, and became a republic and member of the Franco-African Community. It gained full independence two years later. The name of the country was changed to Burkina Faso in 1984.

Sunday, December 9, 2012

12 December - Kenya - Independence Day - Jamuhiri Day

Kenya - Country Information

12 December 1963

On December 12, 1963, at midnight to be exact, Kenyans assembled in large numbers  on the grounds of the Uhuru Gardens to witness change of power from British to Kenyan government.

The Union Jack was finally lowered for the last time at midnight.

People turned to one other in tears, hugs, dance and whoops of joy.

11 December - International Mountain Day


The International Mountain Day strives to achieve a stronger engagement of actors/institutions and the civil society in sustainable mountain development. It is also a concrete opportunity to mobilize resources to improve the livelihoods of mountain communities.

2012 Theme:  “Celebrating Mountain Life”

Mountains are home to 12% of the world's population.
Sustainable mountain development is key to improve the livelihood of these often poor and isolated people.

Thursday, December 6, 2012

7 December International Civil Aviation Day

About the Day

International Civil Aviation Day was established in 1994 by ICAO, through Assembly Resolution A29-1, to mark the 50th anniversary of the Organization, created on 7 December 1944. In 1996, pursuant to an ICAO initiative and with the assistance of the Canadian Government, the United Nations General Assembly by resolution officially recognized 7 December as International Civil Aviation Day and listed it as an official UN day. The purpose of the global celebration is to generate and reinforce worldwide awareness of the importance of international civil aviation in the social and economic development of States, and of the role of ICAO in promoting the safety, efficiency and regularity of international air transport.

Theme 2012

“Aviation: Your reliable connection to the world”.

Secretary General ICAO 2011

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

9 December - International Anti-Corruption Day


On 31 October 2003, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption (resolution 58/4).  The Convention entered into force in December 2005.

The Assembly designated 9 December as International Anti-Corruption Day, to raise awareness of corruption and of the role of the Convention in combating and preventing it.


UNO Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon"s Message on International Anti-Corruption Day

"On this International Anti-Corruption Day, let us pledge to do our part by cracking down on corruption, shaming those who practice it and engendering a culture that values ethical behaviour."


Anti-Corruption Legislation - Papers and Articles

By Mr Tony KWOK Man-wai

The Effectiveness of Anticorruption Policy - What has worked? - 2011 paper
World Bank 2000