Thursday, November 7, 2013

World Urbanism Day - World Town Planning Day - 8 November



“World Town Planning Day, also known as World Urbanism Day, was founded in 1949 by the late Professor Carlos Maria della Paolera.  at the Institut d’urbanisme in Paris

The idea was to promote good planning and highlight the role it plays in creating liveable urban communities and to draw attention to the social, environmental and economic impact from the development of cities and towns.

The United Nations estimates the world reached a total population of 1 billion in 1804. Some 123 years later in 1927, it was at 2 billion. Just 33 years later in 1960 it was 3 billion. It hit 4 billion 14 years later in 1974. By 1987 it had reached 5 billion. Then 6 billion in 1999. And now 7 billion.”


2013 Theme: Water and Planning

http://globalurbanist.com/events/2013/water-and-planning

Thursday, October 31, 2013

World Savings Day - 31 October



About the Day

October 31 was declared World Thrift Day at the end of the first International Thrift Congress in 1924 in Milan.

‘World Thrift Day’ should be a day devoted to the promotion of savings all over the World.

Savings banks  worked with the support of the schools, the clergy, as well as cultural, sports, professional, and women’s associations to promote savings on the savings day.

The celebration of the World Thrift Day took various forms:  posters, lectures, brochures, leaflets, press-articles, chorus singing, broadcasting, educational and propaganda films.
(Hymns of Thrift: http://www.wsbi.org/uploadedFiles/Events/HymnofThrift1928.pdf )

Special Note

Austria

In Austria, the official mascot of saving, the called ‘Sparefroh’ (literally: ‘Happy Saver’) has  a higher degree of brand awareness  and even a street was named after him. In the 1970s the ‘Sparefroh-Journal’, an educational magazine for younger people, reached a circulation of 400,000 copies.

India

The World Thrift Day is being celebrated on 31st October of every year through out the world. In India it is being celebrated on 30th October every year. In Tamilnadu state, it was celebrated in each District with the participation of the District Collectors local MPs, MLAs etc. In Chennai, a State level function was held on 30th October with the participation of Hon’ble Minister for Finance, Govt. of Tamil Nadu , Post Master General, Director of Small Savings, Regional Director, National Savings Institute etc. The agents, PRSS Group Leaders, who mobilized highest collection under small savings were given awards by the Hon’ble Minister for Finance on that day


World Savings Day Speeches

2012 - Govennor - Bank of Italy

Sunday, September 29, 2013

29 September - World Heart Day

In partnership with World Health Organization (WHO), the World Heart Federation organizes awareness events in more than 100 countries on the occasion of World Heart Day.
_______________________________

About the Day


Cardiovascular diseases are the world’s largest killers, claiming 17.5 million lives a year. Risk factors for heart disease and stroke include raised blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels, smoking, inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables, overweight, obesity and physical inactivity.
In partnership with World Health Organization (WHO), the World Heart Federation organizes awareness events in more than 100 countries - including health checks, organized walks, runs and fitness sessions, public talks, stage shows, scientific forums, exhibitions, concerts, carnivals and sports tournaments.

____________________________________________________________________________

Related Web Pages



What can I do to avoid a heart attack or a stroke?


Eat a healthy diet: 

A balanced diet is crucial to a healthy heart and circulation system. This should include plenty of fruit and vegetables, whole grains, lean meat, fish and pulses, and restricted salt, sugar and fat intake.

Take regular physical activity:

 At least 30 minutes of regular physical activity every day helps to maintain cardiovascular fitness; at least 60 minutes on most days helps to maintain healthy weight.

Avoid tobacco use: 

Tobacco in every form is very harmful to health - cigarettes, cigars, pipes, or chewable tobacco. Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke is also dangerous. The risk of heart attack and stroke starts to drop immediately after a person stops using tobacco products, and can drop by as much as half after one year.


____________________________________________________________________________

world Heart Day 2013

TAKE THE ROAD TO A HEALTHY HEART

________________

________________

World Heart Day 2011


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Source for the picture http://www.world-heart-federation.org/index.php?id=123
______

_______________________________________________________________________

World Heart Day 2009

Theme

Working Towards Wellness

As part of its commitment to the World Economic Forum initiative “Working Towards Wellness”, World Heart Day 2009 has been dedicated to this theme.


________________

________________

World Heart Day 2009 Material
Knol Sub-Directories

Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/29-september-world-heart-day/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 1710

Friday, August 9, 2013

International Day of the World Indigenous People - 9 August



Background

On 23 December 1994, the General Assembly decided that the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People shall be observed on 9 August every year during the International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People (resolution 49/214 [pdf]).

By its resolution 59/174 [pdf] of 20 December 2004, in which the Assembly proclaimed the Second International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People (2005-2014), it also decided to continue observing the International Day of Indigenous People every year during the Second Decade, in New York, Geneva and other offices of the United Nations. The Assembly asked the Secretary-General to support observance of the Day from within existing resources, and to encourage Governments to observe the Day at the national level.

http://www.un.org/events/indigenous/2008/index.shtml


UN Event Page
http://www.un.org/en/events/indigenousday/

_________________________________________________________________________

2013 - "Indigenous peoples building alliances: Honouring treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements"

2009 — the theme of the observance was “Indigenous Peoples and HIV/AIDS”

2008 — the observance focused on reconciliation between States and indigenous peoples

2007 — the observance in 2007 centered on the urgent need to preserve indigenous languages

2006 — celebrations and discussions in 2006 drew upon the theme “Partnership for Action and Dignity”

2005 — the title of a panel discussion in 2005 was “The Cause of Indigenous Peoples is Ours”

__________________________________________________________________________


2013

A special event at UN Headquarters in New York will be held on Friday, 9 August, starting at 3pm, featuring the UN Secretary-General, the Chairperson of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, a delegate of Panama, a representative of the Office of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights, and an indigenous representative. The event will be webcast live at webtv.un.org.

Also on 9 August, hundreds of indigenous and non-indigenous rowers are scheduled to arrive at Pier 96 at 57th Street in Manhattan at 10am, after having collectively travelled thousands of miles on rivers and horsebacks to honour the first treaty -– the Two Row Wampum -– concluded between Dutch immigrants and the Haudenosaunee (a confederacy of six nations, with capital in the Onondaga nation, in NY State) 400 years ago, in 1613. They will gather with members of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues at Dag Hammarskjold Plaza at 1:30pm.




Knol - 5202

Tuesday, July 30, 2013

International Day of Friendship - 30 July



About the Day

The International Day of Friendship was proclaimed in 2011 by the UN General Assembly with the idea that friendship between peoples, countries, cultures and individuals can inspire peace efforts and build bridges between communities.

The resolution (A/RES/65/275) places particular emphasis on involving young people, as future leaders, in community activities that include different cultures and promote international understanding and respect for diversity.

The Day is also intended to support the goals and objectives of the Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace and the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010).

To mark the International Day of Friendship the UN encourages governments, international organizations and civil society groups to hold events, activities and initiatives that contribute to the efforts of the international community towards promoting a dialogue among civilizations, solidarity, mutual understanding and reconciliation.

http://www.un.org/en/events/friendshipday/

http://www.un.org/en/events/friendshipday/background.shtml

_____________________________________________________________________

Friendship Poems
http://friends.com/friendship-poems-that-express-the-heart


Friendship Quotes
http://friends.com/friendship-quotes-to-remember

Sunday, June 30, 2013

World Population Day - 11 July

About the Day

On this day in 1987, the world's population exceeded 5 billion.
http://learn.christianaid.org.uk/Other/Events/Copy_of_world_population_day_2008.aspx

World Population Day was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989 as a way to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues. It was an outgrowth of the interest generated by the Day of Five Billion, which was observed on 11 July 1987.
____________________________________________________________________


World Population Day 2013


The report 'World Population Prospects' says the world's population will reach 10.9 billion by 2100, with the growth mainly occurring in developing countries, with more than half in Africa.

But, with the number of future global dwellers linked to fertility, the number at the end of the century could be as high 16.6 billion or even fall to 6.8 billion, it adds.

India will surpass China's population of 1.45 billion in 2028 and will continue to grow further
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-14/india/39975710_1_population-division-population-growth-world-population-prospects                    )


_____________________________________________________________________

World Population Day 2012


The Theme of World Population Day 2012

Universal Access to Reproductive Health Services

http://www.unfpa.org/public/world-population-day

Secretary General's Message

UN Secretary General BanKi-moon's Message for World Population Day 2012
We can and must do better
____________

World population crossed 7 billion on 31 October 2011. We need to improve our population control efforts so that we can provide proper facilities to the population.


____________


UNFPA in Zimbabwe is organizing the day's activities with the theme "Re-energizing Family Planning".
http://www.zw.one.un.org/newsroom/event/world-population-day-0

Also there is a world summit on Family Planning organized by Gates Foundation on 11 July in London.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2012/jun/10/global-summit-family-planning. UNFPA is supporting it. http://www.unfpa.org/public/home/news/pid/11419

UNFPA called for photos related to family planning issues.
http://www.unfpa.org.ni/documentos/UNFPAPHOTOCONTESTFP.pdf

Book Review of World Population Policies: Origin, Evolution and Impact
10 page review by Anatole Romaniuk


Quotations on Population
http://www.populationinsync.net/population-quotes.html
____________________________________________________________________

World Population Day 2011

Theme: The World at 7 Billion


This year, as the world population is expected to surpass 7 billion, UNFPA and partners are launching a campaign called 7 Billion Actions. It aims to engage people, spur commitment and spark actions related to the opportunities and challenges presented by a world of 7 billion people.

In many ways a world of 7 billion is an achievement: Globally, people are living longer and healthier lives, and couples are choosing to have fewer children. However, meeting the needs of current and future generations presents daunting challenges as our numbers continue to increase.

Whether we can live together equitably on a healthy planet will depend on the choices and decisions we make now. In a world of 7 billion people, and counting, we need to count each other.

Remember 1.2 billion people are living below poverty line.

http://www.unfpa.org/public/site/global/lang/en/world-population-day

Message from the Secretary-General of UNO and the Executive Director of UNFPA  are available in the above web page.

_______________________________________________________________________

2011

World population to reach 10 billion by 2100
http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Other-Information/Press_Release_WPP2010.pdf

World population is projected to grow to 7 billion on 31st October 2011.
http://www.unfpa.org/public/cache/offonce/home/news/pid/7597;jsessionid=A02EBF0EB5801080B3A79F75CDDFB97C.jahia01

World Population - 7 billion
National Geographic Articles (Seven planned)
First Article in January 2011
_________________

_________________


______________________________________________________________________

World Population Day 2010


The theme, Everyone Counts, underscores the importance of data for development. Its focus on understanding why reliable, disaggregated data is so crucial to progress and it encourages people to participate in the census and other data collection efforts.

http://www.unfpa.org/public/site/global/lang/en/wpd
________________________________________________________________________

World Population Day 2009

This year's theme is chance to build awareness of the importance of educating girls to a wide range of development issues, including poverty, human rights and gender equality.






Source for the picture
http://www.unfpa.org/public/site/global/lang/en/wpd




There are many ways to promote this theme:
  • Consider inviting local celebrities to help spread the message.
  • Organize events to generate widespread attention about the importance of girls' education.
  • Spark discussion with seminars, conferences and debates. Host essay and poster contests.
  • Work with community groups to create plays and soap operas.
Encourage women and girls to speak or write about the impact of education in their own life. The messages can come to life when different people from different circumstances share their own experiences and knowledge. A full list of suggested activities is available to inspire your own planning.

http://www.unfpa.org/public/
United Nations Population Fund
_______________________________________________________________________

World Population Day 2009 -Announcements and News

India

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is organizing World Population Day.
It released an advertisement on the occasion with the message
Rising Numbers .....Limited Resources
A Stable Population is Vital for Healthy Nation
(davp 17102/13/0080/0910)
South Africa
Announcement on Capetown Green Map
Today, there are more than 6 billion people on the planet, with half of the world’s population under the age of 25 - at or just reaching their childbearing years.

Nearly 600,000 women still die each year from pregnancy-related causes. And an estimated 90 percent of infants whose mothers die at childbirth will not survive to their first birthday.

Wild species are becoming extinct 50 to 100 times faster than they naturally would, because of the impact of rapid population growth and increased population density in many countries.
 ----------------
World population has been increasing steadily at the rate of 78 million per year. Statistics predict that there will be between 7.3 billion to 10.7 billion people on planet earth by the year 2050.
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_____________________________________________________________________

World Population Day 2008

In 1968, world leaders proclaimed that individuals have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and timing of their children. Forty years later, modern contraception remains out of reach for hundreds of millions of women, men and young people.
World Population Day 2008 reaffirmed the right of people to plan their families. It encouraged activities, events and information that will help make this right real — especially for those who often have the hardest time getting the information and services they need to plan their families, such as marginalized populations and young people.
When people can plan their families, they can plan their lives. They can plan to beat poverty. They can plan on healthier mothers and children. They can plan to gain equality for women. Plan to support World Population Day this year!

Plan to beat poverty. Plan to gain equality. Plan to beat maternal death.

________________________________________________________________________
New Regarding Celebrations in Previous Years

--------------------------------------
India
Contests organised to mark World Population Day in Ludhiana, 11 July 2008
http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/contests-organised-to-mark-world-population-day/335234/
Goa students participate in World Population Day programmes, 11 July 2008
http://indiaedunews.net/Goa/Goa_students_participate_in_World_Population_Day_programmes_5113/

___________________________________________________________________________
original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/world-population-day-11-july/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 1279

Saturday, June 1, 2013

International Day of Families - 15 May


About the Day

The International Day of Families is observed on the 15th of May every year. The Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993 with resolution A/RES/47/237 and reflects the importance the international community attaches to families. The International Day provides an opportunity to promote awareness of issues relating to families and to increase knowledge of the social, economic and demographic processes affecting families.

In its resolution, the General Assembly also noted that the family-related provisions of the outcomes of the major United Nations conferences and summits of the 1990s and their follow-up processes continue to provide policy guidance on ways to strengthen family-centred components of policies and programmes as part of an integrated comprehensive approach to development.

The International Day of Families has inspired a series of awareness-raising events, including national family days. In many countries, that day provides an opportunity to highlight different areas of interest and importance to families. Activities include workshops and conferences, radio and television programmes, newspaper articles and cultural programmes highlighting relevant themes.


2013 Message of Secretary General

"Families hold societies together, and intergenerational relationships extend this legacy over time. This year’s International Day of Families is an occasion to celebrate connections among all members of the constellation that makes up a family. It is also an opportunity to reflect on how they are affected by social and economic trends – and what we can do to strengthen families in response."

http://www.un.org/en/events/familyday/index.shtml


Themes of Past International Day of Families


2013:  Advancing social integration and intergenerational solidarity
2012:  Ensuring work family balance
2011:  Confronting Family Poverty and Social Exclusion
2010:  The impact of migration on families around the world
2009:  Mothers and Families: Challenges in a Changing World
2008:  Fathers and Families: Responsibilities and Challenges
2007:  Families and Persons with Disabilities
2006:  Changing Families: Challenges and Opportunities
2005:  HIV/AIDS and Family Well-being
2004:  The 10th Anniversary of the International Year of the Family: A Framework for Action
2003:  Preparations for the 10th Anniversary of the International Year of the Family in 2004
2002:  Families and Ageing: Opportunities and Challenges
2001:  Families and Volunteers: Building Social Cohesion
2000:  Families: Agents and Beneficiaries of Development
1999:  Families for all ages
1998:  Families: Educators and Providers of Human Rights
1997:  Building Families Based on Partnership
1996:  Families: First Victims of Poverty and Homelessness

Universal Children's Day - 20 November



Children's Day is recognized on various days in many places around the world, to honor children globally. It was first proclaimed by the World Conference for the Well-being of Children in 1925 and then established universally in 1954 to protect an "appropriate" day. Major global variants include a Universal Children's Day on April 30, by United Nations recommendation.

Children's Day is often celebrated on other days as well. International Day for Protection of Children, observed in many countries as Children's Day on June 1 since 1950, was established by the Women's International Democratic Federation on its congress in Moscow (22 November 1949).

Universal Children's Day takes place annually on November 20. First proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1954, it was established to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children.
This day is observed to promote the objectives outlined in the Charter and for the welfare of children. On November 20, 1959 the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. The United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child on November 20, 1989.


By resolution 836(IX) of 14 December 1954, the General Assembly recommended that all countries institute a Universal Children's Day, to be observed as a day of worldwide fraternity and understanding between children. It recommended that the Day was to be observed also as a day of activity devoted to promoting the ideals and objectives of the Charter and the welfare of the children of the world. The Assembly suggested to governments that the Day be observed on the date and in the way which each considers appropriate. The date 20 November, marks the day on which the Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, in 1959, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, in 1989.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Children's_Day

http://www.unac.org/en/news_events/un_days/children1.asp

http://www.capechameleon.co.za/printed-version/issue-5/news-arena/

http://www.un.org/en/events/childrenday/

Friday, May 24, 2013

World Schizophrenia Day - 24 May



The 24th of May is celebrated the world over as World Schizophrenia Day. The day was created to raise awareness about the disease, enabling those suffering to get immediate help, and to increase support for all those affected by the disease.


About Schizophrenia

http://www.who.int/mental_health/management/schizophrenia/en/

http://www.world-schizophrenia.org/disorders/schizophrenia.html

Thursday, May 23, 2013

World Turtle Day - 23 May




The purpose of World Turtle Day, May 23, sponsored yearly since 2000 by American Tortoise Rescue, is to bring attention to, and increase knowledge of and respect for, turtles and tortoises, and encourage human action to help them survive and thrive

Founded in 1990, American Tortoise Rescue is the founding sponsor of World Turtle Day. American Tortoise Rescue (ATR) is certified by state and federal agencies as a nonprofit 501(c)(3)corporation to provide for the protection of all species of tortoise and turtle.

Featured in Chase’s Book of Annual Events, the day was created as an annual observance to help people celebrate and protect turtles and tortoises and their disappearing habitats around the world.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Turtle_Day

http://www.tortoise.com/id49.html

http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1112855300/world-tortoise-day-052313/

http://asiancorrespondent.com/108080/how-to-celebrate-world-turtle-day-down-under/

Wednesday, May 22, 2013

International Day for Biological Diversity - 22 May



About the Day

The United Nations has proclaimed May 22 The International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. When first created by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in late 1993, 29 December (the date of entry into force of the Convention of Biological Diversity), was designated The International Day for Biological Diversity. In December 2000, the UN General Assembly adopted 22 May as IDB, to commemorate the adoption of the text of the Convention on 22 May 1992 by the Nairobi Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity. This was partly done because it was difficult for many countries to plan and carry out suitable celebrations for the date of 29 December, given the number of holidays that coincide around that time of year.

http://www.cbd.int/idb/



2013

Message of the Secretary General
http://www.cbd.int/idb/doc/2013/messages/idb-2013-unsg-message-en.pdf



Themes

2013 - Water and Biodiversity
2012 - Marine Biodiversity
2011 - Forest Biodiversity
2010 - Biodiversity, Development and Poverty Alleviation
2009 - Invasive Alien Species
2008 - Biodiversity and Agriculture
2007 - Biodiversity and Climate Change
2006 - Protect Biodiversity in Drylands
2005 - Biodiversity: Life Insurance for our Changing World
2004 - Biodiversity: Food, Water and Health for All
2003 - Biodiversity and poverty alleviation - challenges for sustainable development
2002 - Dedicated to forest biodiversity

Monday, May 20, 2013

Countries - Overviews - Index



Country Overviews - Index Page
____________________________







    Albania ,    Algeria , Andorra ,   Angola , Antigua and Barbuda ,  Armenia ,
Australia ,     Afghanistan,   Argentina,  Austria , Azerbaijan ,


 Bahamas , Bahrain, Bangladesh ,  Barbados ,  Belarus ,  Belgium,  Belize , Benin , Bhutan ,   Bolivia ,
  Bosnia and Herzegovina , Botswana ,
Brazil,  Brunei Darussalam , Bulgaria , Burkina Faso , Burundi ,

Cambodia , Cameroon, Canada , Cape verde , Central African Republic , Chad , Chile ,
 China ,  Colombia ,Comoros , Congo , Costa Rica , Cote D'ivoire , Croatia , Cuba , Cyprus ,
Czech Republic

Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) ,  Democratic People's Republic of the Congo,    Denmark  ,  Djibouti , Dominica, Dominican Republic

  Equador , Egypt , El Salvador , Equatorial Guinea ,   Eritrea , Estonia , Ethiopia

  Fiji ,  Finland  ,  France,

  Gabon ,  Gambia ,  Georgia ,   Germany,  Ghana ,   Greece ,  Grenada , Guatemala , Guinea , Guinea Bissau , Guyana,

  Haiti , Honduras , Hungary ,

  Iceland ,  Iran , Irag , Ireland , Italy
India

Indonesia, Israel ,

Jamaica ,  Japan,  Jordan

  Kazakhstan ,  Kenya ,  Kiribati ,  Kuwait , Kyrgyzstan

  Laos ,  Latvia , Lebanon , Lesotho , Liberia ,   Libya  , Liechtenstein , Lithuania ,  Luxembourg ,

  Madagascar , Malawi ,  Malaysia ,

  Maldives ,  Mali , Malta , Marshall Islands ,  Mauritania ,   Mauritius , Mexico , Micronesia (Federates States)
  Monaco  , Mongolia , Montenegro , Morocco , Mozambique , Mynmar ,

 Namibia , Nauru , Nepal , Netherlands, New Zealand , Nicaragua , Niger ,   Nigeria ,  Norway ,
  Oman ,

  Pakistan , Palau , Panama , Papua New Guinea ,    Paraguay ,    Peru ,

Philippines, Poland ,  Portugal ,
  Qatar ,
  Republic of Korea , Republic of Moldova ,   Romania ,
Russia ,  Rwanda ,

  Saint Kitts and Nevis , Saint Lucia , Saint Vincent and Grenadines , Samoa, San Marino , Sao Tome and Principe , Saudi Arabia , Senegal , Serbia , Seychelles, Sierra Leone,   Singapore , Slovekia , Slovenia ,
   Soloman Islands, Somalia ,   South Africa , South Korea, South Sudan ,  Spain , Sri Lanka ,  Sweden ,  Syria ,

Tajikistan ,  Thailand , The  Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia , Timor-Leste , Togo, Tonga ,
Trinidad and Tobago , Tunisia ,   Turkey , Turkmenistan , Tuvalu


Uganda , Ukraine ,  UAE ,  UK ,  United Republic of Tanzania ,   USA ,  Uruguay, Uzbekistan

 Vanuatu ,   Venezuela,  Vietnam ,
Yemen ,

 Zambia ,  Zimbabwe

____________________________________________________________

Countries of the World

World Bank Briefs - Profiles on Countries
Countries of the World - Part 1 - Afganistan to Luxembourg
Countries of the World - Part 2 - Macau to Zimbabwe
Member of the United Nations
Growth of Membership of UN - 193 members 2011 - http://www.un.org/en/members/growth.shtml

Cameroon - Country Profile



Republic of Cameroon

Capital: Yaounde

Other Cities/Towns: Douala, Bafoussam

Population: 16,380,005

Languages: French and English

Currency: CFA Franc

Date of Independence; 1 January 1960

Saturday, May 18, 2013

World Blood Donor Day - 14 June



World Blood Donor Day, celebrated on 14 June every year, serves to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products and to thank voluntary unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood.

2013

The slogan "Give the gift of life: donate blood"

This year’s campaign is the 10th anniversary of World Blood Donor Day. It will focus on the value of donated blood to the patient, not only in saving life, but also in helping people live longer and more productive lives.

http://www.who.int/campaigns/world-blood-donor-day/2013/en/

Sunday, April 28, 2013

World Day for Safety and Health at Work - 28 April



About the Day


The ILO celebrates the World Day for Safety and Health at Work on the 28 April to promote the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally. It is an awareness-raising campaign intended to focus international attention on emerging trends in the field of occupational safety and health and on the magnitude of work-related injuries, diseases and fatalities worldwide.

The 28th of April is also a day in which the world's trade union movement holds its international Commemoration Day for Dead and injured Workers to honour the memory of victims of occupational accidents and diseases and organize worldwide mobilizations and campaigns on this date.

The celebration of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work is an integral part of the Global Strategy on Occupational Safety and Health of the ILO and promotes the creation of a global preventative safety and health culture involving all stakeholders. In many parts of the world, national authorities, trade unions, employers' organizations and safety and health practitioners organize activities to celebrate this date.

http://www.ilo.org/safework/events/safeday/lang--en/index.htm
____________________

International Occupational Safety and Health Information Center
http://www.ilo.org/safework/cis/lang--en/index.htm
____________________

2013

The Theme for the World Day for Safety and Health at Work in 2013 is:
"The Prevention of Occupational Diseases"

Ethiopia - National Day - 28 May


Ethiopia - Country Overview

May 28 Derg Downfall Day (National Day)

Commemorates the end of the Derg junta in 1991. Although this day is Ethiopia's National Day, its official name is Derg Downfall Day.

Ethiopia - Country Overview



Africa

Capital: Addis Ababa

Large cities/towns: Dire Dawa, Gondar

Languages: Amharic, Oromigna, Tigrigna,

Currency: Birr

Azerbaijan - Republic Day - 28 May



May 28 Republic Day Founding of Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (1918).

Azerbaijan - Country Overview



Former Soviet Republic

Capital: Baku

Large cities/Towns: Gandja, Sumgait

Languages: Azeri, Turkish, Russia

Currency: Manat

Guyana - Independence Day - 26 May




The Cooperative Republic of Guyana celebrates the Independence Day on May 26 every year. The day commemorates the date in 1966 when it attained freedom from the British Empire.


Guyana Independence Day is a significant public holiday in Guyana. It is celebrated on May 26 every year. May 26 is the day when the country attained its independence in 1966 when the British Dominion over Guyana ended.

Guyana - Country Overview



Capital: Georgetown

Large towns: Linden, New Amsterdam

Languages: English, Hindi, Urdu, Creole

Currency: Guyana Dollar

Date of Independence 26 May, 1966

Georgia - National Day - 26 May




The Democratic Republic of Georgia was the first modern establishment of a Republic of Georgia. It existed from May 1918 to February 1921. The DRG was created after the collapse of the Russian Empire that began with the Russian Revolution of 1917. Georgia's capital is Tbilisi, and its state language was Georgian. Proclaimed on May 26, 1918, on the break-up of the Transcaucasian Federation, it was led by the Social Democratic Menshevik party. It collapsed between February and March 1921 to become a Soviet republic.

Georgia - Country Overview



Capital: Tbilisi

Large Cities/Towns: Batumi, Kutaisi

Languages: Georgian, Russian

Currency: The Lari

Georgia was a former Soviet Republic

Jordan - Independence Day - 25 May



The National Day of Jordan is on the 25 May

It is Independence Day, from the United Kingdom 1946. The parliament of Transjordan made Abdullah I of Jordan their king 1946.

Saturday, April 27, 2013

Jordan - Country Overview



Asia

Capital: Amman

Large Cities/Towns: Irbid, Salt, Zarka

Languages: Arabic, English

Currency: Dinar

Date of Independence: 25 May 1946

Argentina - Day of the First National Government - 25 May




The May Revolution  was a week-long series of events that took place from May 18 to 25, 1810, in Buenos Aires, capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. This Spanish colony included roughly the territories of present-day Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay. The result was the removal of Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros and the establishment of a local government, the Primera Junta (First Junta), on May 25.

This day is celebrated as the day of the First National Government in Argentina.

Argentina - Country Overview



Capital: Buenos Aires

Large cities/towns: Cordoba, La Plata, Mendoza, Rosario

Languages: Spanish, Italian

Currency: Peso

Date of Independence: 9 July 1816

Eritrea Independence Day - 24 May



Independence Day of Eritrea is observed on May 24 every year. On this day in 1991, Eritrean People's Liberation Front forces moved into the capitol Asmara, re-instating independence, following a severe 30 years battle against Ethiopian army regime.

Yemen - Unification Day - 22 May


Yemen - Country Overview

Yemeni unification took place on 22 May 1990, when North Yemen was united with South Yemen, forming the Republic of Yemen.

Yemen - Country Overview



Asia

Arabian Peninsula

Capital: Sana'a
            Aden

Language: Arabic

Currency: Rial

Formation of the Country:  22 May 1990

Norwegian Constitution Day - 17 May


Norwegian Constitution Day is the National Day of Norway and is an official national holiday observed on May 17 each year. Among Norwegians, the day is referred to simply as syttende mai (meaning May Seventeenth), Nasjonaldagen (The National Day) or Grunnlovsdagen (The Constitution Day).

The Constitution of Norway was signed at Eidsvoll on May 17 in the year 1814. The constitution declared Norway to be an independent nation.

Norway Country Profile



Europe

Northwestern Europe

Capital Oslo
Large cities: Bergen, Trondheim

Language: Norwegian

Currecny: Krone

Date of Independence: 7 June 1905

Paraguay Independence Day - 14, 15 May



Paraguay gained independence from Spain on May 14, 1811.

The independence day is observed on 15 May every year.

Both days are holidays for schools.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Paraguay

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Paraguay-HISTORY.html

Paraguay - Country Overview



South America

Capital: Asuncion

Large cities: San Horenzo, Encarnacion

Languages: Spanish, Gurani

Currency: Guarani

Date of Independence 14 May 1811
Paraguay gained independence from Spain on 14 May, 1811.

Liberation Day- Netherlands - 5 May





In the Netherlands, Liberation Day  is celebrated each year on May 5th, to mark the end of the occupation by Nazi Germany during World War II.

On the 5th of May 1945, the Canadian General Charles Foulkes and the German Commander-in-Chief Johannes Blaskowitz reached an agreement on the capitulation of German forces in the Netherlands in Hotel de Wereld in Wageningen.

After the liberation in 1945, Liberation Day was commemorated every 5 years. Finally, in 1990, the day was declared to be a national holiday, when the liberation would be commemorated and celebrated every year.

Netherlands - Country Overview


Europe

Capital Amsterdam

Large Cities: Rotterdam, Ulrecht

Currency Euro

3 May - Poland Constitution Day


Poland


The Constitution of May 3, 1791  was drafted between October 6, 1788, and May 3, 1791, when it was adopted as a "Government Act" ) by the Great Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (a dualistic state of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch).

The Seym of the Republic of Poland, at the request of the Senate, re-established the May 3 Constitution Day on April 6, 1990.

http://www.polishworld.com/polemb/const/

Poland - Country Overview



Capital Warsaw

Other Large Cities: Lodz, Krakow

Language: Polish

Currency; Zloty

Date of Independence 11 November 1918

World Intellectual Property Day - 26, April


About the Day

World Intellectual Property Organization's (WIPO) member states designated April 26 – the day on which the WIPO Convention came into force in 1970 – as World Intellectual Property Day with the aim of increasing general understanding of Intellectual Property.

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About WIPO


The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is the United Nations agency dedicated to the use of intellectual property (patents, copyright, trademarks, designs, etc.) as a means of stimulating innovation and creativity.

The Mission: The mission is to promote innovation and creativity for the economic, social and cultural development of all countries, through a balanced and effective international intellectual property system.


WIPO's nine strategic goals were adopted by our member states in December 2009 in the first phase of a comprehensive strategic realignment process within the Organization.

Balanced Evolution of the International Normative Framework for IP
Provision of Premier Global IP Services
Facilitating the Use of IP for Development
Coordination and Development of Global IP Infrastructure
World Reference Source for IP Information and Analysis
International Cooperation on Building Respect for IP
Addressing IP in Relation to Global Policy Issues
A Responsive Communications Interface between WIPO, its Member States and All Stakeholders
An Efficient Administrative and Financial Support Structure to Enable WIPO to Deliver its Programs



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2013

Theme: Creativity: The Next Generation

http://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2013/article_0011.html

Featured Innovators - 2013
http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/ip-outreach/en/ipday/2013/pdf/innovator_snapshots.pdf

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Sunday, April 21, 2013

Earth Day - 22 April


In Service of Our Planet Earth


Earth Day is an extraordinary event. It combines the functions of educator, movement builder and the largest public service project in the world. More than one billion people from almost every single country on earth will take an action in service to our planet.


About The Day


The idea came to Earth Day founder Gaylord Nelson, then a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, after he witnessed  the ravages of the 1969 massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California. He was inspired by the student anti-war movement and he felt that if he could bring air and water pollution into public consciousness and create a similar movement, it would force environmental protection onto the national political agenda. Senator Nelson announced the idea for a “national teach-in on the environment” to the national media; persuaded Pete McCloskey, a conservation-minded Republican Congressman, to serve as his co-chair; and recruited Denis Hayes as national coordinator. Hayes built a national staff of 85 to promote events across the land.

As a result, on the 22nd of April, 1970, 20 million Americans took to the streets, parks, and auditoriums to demonstrate for a healthy, sustainable environment in massive coast-to-coast rallies. Thousands of colleges and universities organized protests against the deterioration of the environment. Groups that had been fighting against oil spills, polluting factories and power plants, raw sewage, toxic dumps, pesticides, freeways, the loss of wilderness, and the extinction of wildlife came together and realized they shared common agenda and objectives

The first Earth Day led to the creation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the passage of the Clean Air, Clean Water, and Endangered Species Acts.

http://www.earthday.org/earth-day-history-movement

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Earth Day 2013

Theme: The Face of Climate Change

http://www.earthday.org/2013/

2013 - Billion Acts of Green Completed - Highlights
http://act.earthday.org/highlights.html

1. Interesting ideas - Arranging tailors for free stiching of cloth bags from old garments etc.
2. Backseat buddies - more children travelling in one car while going in a car to catch their school bus.

Ideas for common people - Pledge to use only public transport on the Earth Day.



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Earth Day 2012 Theme Mobilize the Earth

A Billion Acts of Green

http://www.earthday.org/earthday2012

World Book and Copyright Day - 23rd April

Greetings to all Authors on World Book Day
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About the Day

23 April is a symbolic date for world literature for on this date in 1616, Cervantes, Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega all died.
It is also the date of birth or death of other prominent authors such as Maurice Druon, Haldor K.Laxness, Vladimir Nabokov, Josep Pla and Manuel Mejía Vallejo

It was a natural choice for UNESCO's General Conference, held in Paris in 1995, to pay a world-wide tribute to books and authors on this date, encouraging everyone, and in particular young people, to discover the pleasure of reading and gain a renewed respect for the irreplaceable contributions of those who have furthered the social and cultural progress of humanity. In this respect, UNESCO created both the World Book and Copyright Day and the UNESCO Prize for Children's and Young People's Literature in the Service of Tolerance. 
The idea for this celebration originated in Catalonia where on 23 April, Saint George's Day, a rose is traditionally given as a gift for each book sold.
The success of the World Book and Copyright Day will depend primarily on the support received from all parties concerned (authors, publishers, teachers, librarians, public and private institutions, humanitarian NGOs and the mass media).
They are mobilized in each country by UNESCO National Commissions, UNESCO Clubs, Centres and Associations, Associated Schools and Libraries, and by all those who feel motivated to work together in this world celebration of books and authors. 
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2013
Bangkok - World Book Capital of 2013

Message of UNESCO Director General

Books are our most beautiful invention for sharing ideas beyond the boundaries of space and time.

http://www.un.org/en/events/bookday/unesco.shtml



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2010 Initiatives
This year, the World book and Copyright Day will be celebrated in the framework of the International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures.
UNESCO Program on 23 April 2010
(In French language)
Journée mondiale du livre et du droit d’auteur
23 avril 2010
Table ronde
Edition, nouvelles technologies et rapprochement des cultures
Organisée dans la cadre de l’Année internationale pour le rapprochement des cultures
 UNESCO – 7 Place de Fontenoy, Paris - Salle IX
PROGRAMME

14h30 - Ouverture
Georges Poussin, Section des industries créatives pour le développement, Secteur de la culture, UNESCO
14h45 - Débat
Modérateur : Jens Bammel,  Secrétaire général, Union internationale des éditeurs
1) Gisèle Sapiro, Sociologue, Directirce du Centre européen de sociologie et de science politique (Paris)
2)  Aida Diab, Directrice de l’Association pour la formation et le perfectionnement professionnels dans les métiers de l’édition - ASFORED (Paris)
5) André Schiffrin, Ecrivain, Directeur de The New Press (New York)
6) Brian Wafawarowa, Président de l’Association des éditeurs d’Afrique du Sud et ancien président de l’African Publishers Network - APNET» (Le Cap)
17h15 - Conclusions
Mauro Rosi, Section des industries créatives pour le développement, Secteur de la culture, UNESCO
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Readathon

Readathon is an ideal event to mark World Book Day at your school.
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Tributes to Authors in Various Subjects

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Promotion of Books in India
National Book Trust, India has a scheme to promote books through voluntary organizations writers, publishers, and book sellers and others engaged in book promotion activities.
The last date for applications for this year 2010 is 17th May 2010
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Celebrate World Book Day with The Literacy Project - Google's Participation

4/22/2008

At the Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST), an educational nonprofit near Boston, we have spent the past two decades working to leverage the potential of personal, digital technologies to customize educational media to meet individual needs. In celebration of World Book Day, CAST has created a powerful new tool, UDL Editions, that showcases how classic and sometimes difficult texts—such as Shakespeare’s 18th Sonnet and Jack London’s Call of the Wild—can be rendered in smart, reader-friendly ways to provide a whole host of learning supports—such as multimedia glossaries, chapter summaries, and read-aloud features, links to Google Maps to place settings in contemporary contexts.
The books are one of the many projects being featured starting today on The Literacy Project, a joint effort by Google, LitCam, and UNESCO’s Institute for Lifelong Learning. The project encourages literacy and reading organisations from around the globe to connect and share materials and best practice—from a searchable maps database to e-learning tools—like PlanetRead’s same-language subtitling videos—that can be used in the classroom.
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For copyright registration in India

http://www.copyright.in/index.html
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Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/world-book-and-copyright-day-23rd-april/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2421

Friday, March 22, 2013

World Water Day - 22nd March

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About the Day

The United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/47/193 of 22 December 1992 by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993, in conformity with the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) contained in Chapter 18 (Fresh Water Resources) of Agenda 21. States were invited to devote the Day, as appropriate in the national context, to concrete activities such as the promotion of public awareness through the publication and diffusion of documentaries and the organization of conferences, round tables, seminars and expositions related to the conservation and development of water resources and the implementation of the recommendations of Agenda 21.
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World Water Day 2013

http://www.unwater.org/water-cooperation-2013/events/world-water-day/en/

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World Water Day 2012 Events

http://www.unwater.org/wwd12/

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World Water Day 2011 Theme



Water for Cities: Responding to the Urban Challenge
http://www.unwater.org/worldwaterday/
http://www.unwater.org/worldwaterday/mainindex.html

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World Water Day 2010 Theme

Clean Water for a Healthy World

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Message from Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO


on the occasion of World Water Day  “Clean Water for a Healthy World”
Water is fundamental to life on earth. For human populations and ecosystems to thrive, that water must be clean, it must stay clean and, most importantly, it must be accessible to all.

World Water Day 2010 calls for “ Clean Water for a Healthy World ”. As we celebrate this Day, let us consider the facts. More than 2.5 billion people live without proper sanitation. An estimated 884 million people, the majority of them in Africa, do not have access to safe drinking water. Some 1.5 million children under five die each year from sickness caused by water-borne diseases. The degradation of water quality in rivers, streams, lakes, and groundwater systems has a direct impact on ecosystems and human health. This state of affairs represents an unspeakable human tragedy, and is also major obstacle to development.

Water-related sickness and the additional financial hardship it brings, lowers the odds that a poor family will educate its children. This, in turn, robs the next generation of the opportunity to improve their own circumstances and break the cycle of poverty and deprivation trapping them. Clean water and proper sanitation are where it all starts. A key approach to addressing water quality challenges should be based on pollution prevention, control and restoration strategies.

Numerous rivers, once the source of human prosperity and rich wildlife, are now heavily polluted. The degradation of water quality in surface and groundwater systems is further exacerbating water scarcity and negatively impacting our natural environment and the ecosystem services and goods that it provides, jeopardizing food security and livelihoods.

In these cost-cutting times, when economic difficulties jeopardise investment in development, let us be clear that developmental progress more than pays for itself. It has been estimated that achieving the Millenium Development Goals for access to safe water and sanitation would produce a global saving of more than $84 billion. We already have the scientific knowledge to make immediate strides in the
provision of clean water and sanitation, provided the funding is there. Researchers are developing new and ingenious ways of protecting surface waters and groundwater systems from pollution, and ensuring better water management.

As the lead UN agency for water sciences and education, UNESCO is moving ahead with an array of programmes to further this know-how. UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme is actively engaged in fostering science and knowledge for protecting the quality of surface waters and groundwater systems. Likewise, UNESCO is an active contributor to the monitoring of the state of the world’s freshwater resources in the World Water Development Report coordinated by the World Water Assessment Programme, whose secretariat is hosted and led by UNESCO. Since 2003, UNESCO has overseen the training of dozens of water scientists and engineers from developing countries at the Netherlands based UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, a world-ranking establishment.
UNESCO promotes capacity building for better management of water resources through its water centres and chairs operating under the auspices of UNESCO in many parts of the world.

Much remains to be done if we are to make a difference to the lives of millions of people. On this World Water Day, I urge Governments, civil society, the private sector and all stakeholders to put the goal of “Clean Water for a Healthy World” at the forefront of their priorities.

Irina Bokova
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PepsiCo Marks World Water Day 2010 with Global Water Goals

PepsiCo (NYSE: PEP) announced global goals to provide access to safe water to three million people in developing countries by 2015 and to continuously strive for positive water balance in company operations in water-distressed areas.

After more than a decade of actively promoting sustainable water resource management, PepsiCo continues to drive responsible water solutions that are socially responsible, scientifically based and economically sound.  Some of PepsiCo's water initiatives and milestones include:
In 2009, PepsiCo saved more than 11 billion liters of water through efficiency improvements.
In the U.S., the company began cleaning new Gatorade bottles with purified air instead of rinsing with water. The method works so well it is being adopted, along with other conservation techniques, by bottling facilities around the world, saving billions of liters of water from going down the drain.

In the UK, PepsiCo Walkers' business has already reduced water usage at its largest potato chip facility by 42 percent between 2001 and 2007. Potatoes naturally contain a lot of water, and Walkers is working to capture that moisture and use it to make the UK facilities essentially self-sufficient in water, unplugged from the water mains.

Agriculture uses 70 percent of the world's water. That's why in China, PepsiCo is sharing conservation techniques with its local farmers. These efforts have cut the water usage required to grow potatoes for Lay's potato chips in China by more than half.

In India, PepsiCo beverage operations reduced water use in manufacturing by more than 45 percent and conserved more than 3 billion liters of water since 2007, achieving positive water balance – giving back more water than the company consumed.

One of PepsiCo India's most successful initiatives has been its work with farmers to reduce the amount of water used in rice cultivation. The company introduced a technology called "direct seeding." Rather than growing seedlings in a nursery, planting them, then flooding the fields, direct seeding allows seeds to be planted directly into the ground, bypassing the nursery. This also removes the need for flood irrigation, and saves as much 30 percent of water needed. In 2009, direct seeding was extended to more than 6,500 acres of land resulting in savings of 5.5 billion liters of water.

In Australia, PepsiCo's Smith's snacks manufacturing facility commissioned the first wastewater reuse system, which will dramatically reduce stress on local water resources at a time when the country is facing one of the worst droughts in history.

In China, PepsiCo is teaching farmers to grow potatoes and other cash crops in desert conditions. The farmers are replacing traditional flood irrigation with pivot and drip irrigation. In drip irrigation, small holes in pipes literally 'drip' water on the field, reducing water usage by up to 50 percent.

In Arizona, PepsiCo equipped the Frito-Lay facility in Casa Grande with a state-of-the-art water filtration and purification system to recycle and reuse approximately 80 percent of the process water used in production. For 10 consecutive years, PepsiCo has significantly reduced the amount of water used to make our Frito-Lay products in North America.

In Mexico, the Gatorade plant installed a rain water harvest system, which collected 640 cubic meters of water in 2009. This has helped recharge the underground aquifer affected by Mexico City's population growth and has contributed to the business's overall water usage reduction of 10.5 percent vs. 2008.
Since 2005, the PepsiCo Foundation has committed more than $15 million to initiatives that provide access to safe water and sanitation to communities in developing countries.

In 2011, The PepsiCo Foundation will reach its goal of providing access to safe water and sanitation to 1 million people. This will be achieved through support of such partners as Water.org, Safe Water Network, The Energy Resources Institute, China Women's Development Foundation and the Earth Institute at Columbia University. These projects are helping to install village water and irrigation systems, establishing water health centers, constructing nearly 750 rainwater harvesting cisterns, improve sanitation programs and recharge aquifers in developing communities, particularly in Ghana, Kenya, Brazil, China and India.
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KVSSNRao   2010
The events related to the day are certainly useful in making people aware of issues and make them sensitive. Morning I had a casual look at an advertisment in the paper. But when I got down from my bus, I observed a person full covered carrying the messages related to World Water Day at the gate of Larsen and Toubro, a large Engineering company of India situated at Powai, Mumbai. There are more volunteer behind him with T-shirts having world water day message. I came to the office and started this knol to share the event with knol readers and authors. Let us make more people aware of the issue and help in promoting investment in providing clean water to all people of the world.
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Related Web Sites
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Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/world-water-day-22nd-march/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2400

Thursday, March 21, 2013

World Forest Day - 21 March



About the day


The United Nations General Assembly has passed a draft resolution to designate 21 March each year as World Forest Day, encouraging all Member States to organize forest-related activities. This resolution marks the importance of forests and their contribution to human enlightenment.

March 21 is observed as ‘World Forestry Day’ around the globe every year to raise awareness about the significance of forests and its ecosystems, and to provide opportunities for people to learn how forests can be managed and used sustainably for generations to come.

http://zeenews.india.com/SlideShow/world-forestry-day_37.html

http://www.fao.org/docrep/f3730e/f3730e0c.htm
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World Forest Day 2012

http://www.fao.org/docrep/f3730e/f3730e0c.htm

Visit the Amazon on World Forest Day with Google Street View

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forest_Day