Thursday, December 10, 2015

10 December - Human Rights Day


About the Day

Promoting respect for human rights is a core purpose of the United Nations and defines its identity as an organization for people around the world. Member States have mandated the Secretary-General and the UN System to help them achieve the standards set out in the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. To do so, the UN System uses all the resources at its disposal, including its moral authority, diplomatic creativity and operational reach. Member States, however, have the primary responsibility for protecting human rights of their populations.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted on 10 December 1948. The date has since served to mark Human Rights Day worldwide.

The High Commissioner for Human Rights, as the main UN rights official, and her Office play a major role in coordinating efforts for the yearly observance of Human Rights Day.

2015 Human Rights Day Events

“Our rights, our freedoms, always”: Human Rights Day 2015

Human Rights Day 2015  celebrations are part of a commemoration of the upcoming anniversary of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

To date, the ICCPR and the ICESCR have been ratified by 168 and 164 States respectively since they were adopted 49 years ago. Human Rights Day marks the start of a year-long campaign to celebrate the coming half century of the two Covenants.

There will be events taking place in cities all over the world and online.

And today are the finals of the Seventh Nelson Mandela World Human Rights Moot Court Competition. The competition, which started on 8 December, brought together 45 participants from 15 universities representing all 5 United Nations regions of the World (Africa, Asia and the Middle East, Eastern Europe, South America and the Caribbean, Western Europe and other regions).

On 16 December is the launch of the two Covenants campaign. The event includes a photo exhibition and a performance on freedom. The event takes place at Palais des Nations.


2012 Events

Google+ Hangouts


Monday, December 7, 2015


In India 14 December is observed as Energy Conservation Day.

Energy conservation is using less energy and avoiding excessive or wasteful uses.

Article originally posted on Knol  and available in more details in

Sunday, November 29, 2015

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women - 25 November

To raise awareness and trigger action to end the global scourge of violence against women and girls, the UN observes International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on 25 November. The 16 Days of Activism against Gender Violence which follow (ending on 10 December, Human Rights Day) are a chance to mobilize and raise awareness.


On this International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women we say again:
It is not acceptable.
It is not inevitable.
It can be prevented.

Violence against Woman - Shame on You! Pull Your head in.

Read more about the film in

This year, the UN Secretary-General’s UNiTE to End Violence against Women campaign invites you to “Orange YOUR Neighbourhood,” with the colour designated by the UNiTE campaign to symbolize a brighter future without violence. Organize events to orange your local streets, shops and schools!

Organizec your activities in the period between 25 November and 10 December, as per the schedule:

Date                                  Theme
Tuesday, 25 November                  Violence against Women and girls
Wednesday, 26 November              Education and Training of Women
Thursday, 27 November                 Women and Poverty
Friday, 28 November                     Women and Armed Conflict
Saturday, 29 November and
Sunday, 30 November                    Men and Boys in Action to #orangeurhood

Monday, 1 December                    Women and Health
Tuesday, 2 December                    Women and the Economy
Wednesday, 3 December               Women in Power and Decision-Making
Thursday, 4 December                   Mechanisms for the Advancement of Women
Friday, 5 December                       Women and the Media

Saturday, 6 December and Sunday,
7 December                                    Youth in Action to #orangeurhood
Monday, 8 December                     Women and the Environment
Tuesday, 9 December                     The Girl Child
Wednesday, 10 December              The Human Rights of Women

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Oman National Day - 18 November


44th National Day of the Sultanate of Oman.

His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bi Said, Sultan of Oman.

Another Reason

Soon after Vasco Da Gama's voyage round the Cape of Good Hope and to India, the Portuguese arrived in Oman, occupying the region from 1507. The Portuguese fortified Muscat as used the town as a port from which to protect their trade routes to India.

Unhappy with how they felt the Portuguese were exploiting their presence in Oman, the powerful Al-Ya’ribi clan agreed a treaty with the British East India Company to allow the British to have rights in their ports. This weakened Portuguese control in Oman, and on 18 November 1650, Imam Sultan Bin Saif led a rebellion that expelled the Portuguese from Oman and its ports.

Tuesday, October 27, 2015

World Day for Audiovisual Heritage - 27 October

Audiovisual documents, such as films, radio and television programmes, are our common heritage and contain the primary records of the 20th and 21st centuries. They help to maintain the cultural identity of a people; but countless documentary treasures have disappeared since the invention of image and sound technologies that permit the peoples of the world to better share their experiences, creativity and knowledge.

All of the world's audiovisual heritage is endangered. Nowhere can it be said to be preserved, but through initiatives such as the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage and the Memory of the World Programme, the precious work of preservation professionals is given impetus to manage a range of technical, political, social, financial and other factors that threaten the safeguarding of our heritage.

It was in this context, that the General Conference in 2005 approved the commemoration of a World Day for Audiovisual Heritage as a mechanism to raise general awareness of the need for urgent measures to be taken and to acknowledge the importance of audiovisual documents as an integral part of national identity.

2015 Theme: Archives at Risk: Protecting the World's Identities

"We have 10 to 15 years left to transfer available audiovisual recordings to digital media and prevent their loss. We need to join forces to change the situation – for it is of the utmost importance that this recent history be understood and shared not only for issues of identity and affiliation but also for a clearer grasp of relationships and challenges in contemporary societies."

Irina Bokova
Director-General of UNESCO

Saturday, October 17, 2015

The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty - 17 October

The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty has been observed every year since 1993, when the United Nations General Assembly, by resolution 47/196, designated this day to promote awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and destitution in all countries. Poverty eradication remains at the core of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the development of the new Sustainable Development Goals.

2015 Theme:
Building a sustainable future: Coming together to end poverty and discrimination

The 2015 observance of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is a special one, as it comes on the heels of the adoption of Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Agenda, which succeeds the Millennium Development Goals, contains 17 new and ambitious goals – foremost among them, to “end poverty in all its forms everywhere".

Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day

1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
1.b Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions

Wednesday, October 14, 2015

International Day of Rural Women - 15 October

The first International Day of Rural Women was observed on 15 October 2008. This new international day, established by the General Assembly in its resolution 62/136 of 18 December 2007, recognizes “the critical role and contribution of rural women, including indigenous women, in enhancing agricultural and rural development, improving food security and eradicating rural poverty.”

World Standards Day - 14 October

World Standards Day

Each year on 14 October, the members of the IEC, ISO and ITU celebrate World Standards Day, which is a means of paying tribute to the collaborative efforts of the thousands of experts worldwide who develop the voluntary technical agreements that are published as international standards.

Tuesday, October 13, 2015

World Days or International Days to Highlight Challenges

5 June 2009

This knol was started on  World Environment Day. All the news papers that I glanced across on that day in the morning had news items related to Environment. Some time back, Mr. Andreas Kemper, one of knol co-authors informed us about World Social Justice Day.  The days declared as world days or international days by United Nations or its constituent bodies are available on its web site. They are given below.  Visitors can give any detail as a comment.

27 International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust
International Day of Commemoration to honour the victims of the Holocaust - 27 January
20 World Day of Social Justice (as of 2009)
World Day of Social Justice - 20 February
21 International Mother Language Day
International Mother Language Day - 21 February
8 International Women's Day and
United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace
International Women’s Day - 8th March
21 International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
21-28 Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling against Racism and Racial Discrimination
22 World Water Day
World Water Day - 22nd March
23 World Meteorological Day
4 International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action
7 World Health Day
 Knol   World Health Day - 7 April
23 World Book and Copyright Day
Knol    World Book and Copyright Day - 23rd April
3 World Press Freedom Day
15 International Day of Families
17 World Information Society Day (formerly World Telecommunication Day)
21 World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
22 International Day for Biological Diversity (formerly December 29, changed in 2001)
25-June 1 Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories
29 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers
31 World No-Tobacco Day
4 International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
5 World Environment Day
World Environment Day - 5th June
17 World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought
World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought - 17 June
20 World Refugee Day
World Refugee Day - 20th June
23 United Nations Public Service Day
26 International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking and
International Day in Support of Victims of Torture
International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking - 26 June
First Saturday International Day of Cooperatives
International Day of Cooperatives - July First Saturday (Knol)
11 World Population Day
World Population Day - 11 July
9 International Day of the World's Indigenous People
12 International Youth Day
Knol International Youth Day - 12 August

International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition

International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances
8 International Literacy Day
International Literacy Day - 8th September  Knol

World Oral Health Day
Knol  World Oral Health Day - 12th September
International Day of Democracy - 15th September

Knol -   International Day Democracy - 15th September
16 International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
21 International Day of Peace (formerly the opening day of the UN General Assembly, changed to a set date as of 2002)
World Alzheimer's Day
World Alzheimer’s Day - 21 Septermber


During last Week

World Tourism Day
Knol - World Tourism Day

World Maritime Day
International Day for Older Persons
International Day of Non-Violence
International Day of Non-Violence, 2 October (knol)
4 - 10 World Space Week
5 World Teacher's Day
First Monday World Habitat Day
Second Wednesday International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction
9 World Post Day

World Mental Health Day
World Mental Health Day - 10 October
16 World Food Day
17 International Day for the Eradication of Proverty
24 United Nations Day and
World Development Information Day
Disarmament Week
6 International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict
14 World Diabetes Day
16 International Day of Tolerance
Third Sunday World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims
20 Universal Children's Dayand
Africa Industrialization Day
21 World Television Day
25 International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
29 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
1 World AIDS Day
2 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
3 International Day of Disabled Persons
5 International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development
7 International Civil Aviation Day
9 International Anti-Corruption Day
10 Human Rights Day
11 International Mountain Day
18 International Migrants Day
19 United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation
20 International Human Solidarity Day

Source: (

Other Lists of Days
Environment Calendar of TERI, India

Originally posted on Knol 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 1246

Monday, October 12, 2015

International Day for Disaster Reduction - 13 October


By resolution 44/236 (22 December 1989), the General Assembly designated the second Wednesday of October International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction. The International Day was to be observed annually during the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, 1990-1999.

By resolution 64/200 of 21 December 2009 the General Assembly decided to designate 13 October as the date to commemorate the Day and to change the Day's name to International Day for Disaster Reduction. The objective of the observance is to raise awareness of how people are taking action to reduce their risk to disasters.


The focus of this year’s International Day for Disaster Reduction is on the traditional, indigenous and local knowledge which complement modern science and add to an individual’s and societies’ resilience. For example, knowledge of early warning signals in nature can be vital to ensuring early action is taken to mitigate the impact of both slow and fast onset disasters such as droughts, heatwaves, storms and floods. Combined with scientific knowledge such as reports generated by meteorologists, local knowledge is vital for preparedness and can be passed on from generation to generation.

Sunday, October 11, 2015

World Mental Health Day - 10 October


No health without mental health

World Mental Health Day on 10 October raises public awareness about mental health issues. The Day promotes more open discussion of mental disorders, and investments in prevention and treatment services. The treatment gap for mental, neurological and substance use disorders is formidable especially in poor resource countries.

Physical and mental health are intertwined. There is a real need to deal with mental health problems of people with chronic physical illnesses and physical care of mental health consumers through a continued and integrated care.


2010 Mental Health Action

7th October 2010

WHO launches mhGAP Intervention Guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialized health settings.

mhGAP Intervention Guide

mhGAP Evidence Resource Centre


World Federation for Mental Health
Programs for 2010


Thursday, October 1, 2015

International Day of Older Persons - 1 October

2015 International Day of Older Persons - 1 October

International Day of Older Persons - 1 October



About the Day

On 14 December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly (by resolution 45/106) designated 1 October the International Day of Older Persons.

Theme of 2012
“Longevity: Shaping the Future”
The theme of the 2012 commemoration is “Longevity: Shaping the Future”. Ageing and health was also the theme of this year's World Health Day on 7 April. These themes focus on how healthy behaviours throughout life can help older men and women lead full and productive lives and be a resource for their families and communities.

Older People - New Power for Development

Providing power for the family, community cycles

"Ageing is a development issue. Healthy older persons are a resource for their families, their communities and the economy."

WHO Brasilia declaration on healthy ageing, 1996.

Source for the picture:


Collected Knols


Short urls
Narayana Rao - 24 Sep 2011

Saturday, September 26, 2015

World Contraception Day - 26 September

World Contraception Day takes place on September 26th every year. The annual worldwide campaign centers around a vision where every pregnancy is wanted. Launched in 2007, WCD’s mission is to improve awareness of contraception and to enable young people to make informed choices on their sexual and reproductive health.

World Contraception Day is supported by a coalition of 12 international Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), governmental organizations and scientific and medical societies with an interest in sexual and reproductive health and is sponsored by Bayer HealthCare.

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) joins the international community in celebrating World Contraception Day, a global campaign to draw attention to the vast unmet need for contraceptive information and services.  Increasing access to a wide-range of family planning methods enables individuals and couples to determine whether, when, and how often to have children, which has profound health, economic, and social benefits for families and communities.

As a means to improve health and quality of life, USAID advances and supports voluntary family planning and reproductive health programs in nearly 40 countries across the globe. These programs are designed to protect individuals' rights to affordable and quality family planning commodities. USAID has been involved in the development of nearly every contraceptive method on the market today. 

Saturday, September 5, 2015

International Day of Charity - 5 September


Charity contributes to the promotion of dialogue, solidarity and mutual understanding ‎among people.‎

Poverty persists in all countries of the world, ‎regardless of their economic, social and cultural situation, particularly in developing countries.

In recognition of the role of charity in alleviating humanitarian crises and human ‎suffering within and among nations, as well as of the efforts of charitable organizations ‎and individuals, including the work of Mother Teresa, the General Assembly of the ‎United Nations in its resolution A/RES/67/105 dated 17 December 2012 document designated the 5th of September, the ‎anniversary of the death of Mother Teresa, as the International Day of Charity.‎

On this International Day of Charity, the United Nations invites all Member States and all international and regional organizations, as well as civil society, including non-governmental organizations and individuals, to commemorate the Day in an appropriate manner, by encouraging charity, including through education and public awareness-raising activities.


International Day of Charity - 14 ways to help a local cause

It's hard to drum up generosity in a world that always demands you to give, give, give.

So, this International Day of Charity, don't give. Take.

Here are five takeaways that will make you ready to give again.


Donate time or money, volunteer or act with kindness

Donate time or money, volunteer or act with kindness, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged people around the world as the United Nations marked the first ever International Day of Charity coinciding with the anniversary of the death of Mother Teresa.

“Charity plays an important role in upholding the values and advancing the work of the United Nations,” Mr. Ban said in his message for the Day, which will be observed annually on 5 September.

he added. “Let us recognize charity for what it is at heart: a noble enterprise aimed at bettering the human condition.”

At the UN Headquarters in New York, the Permanent Mission of Hungary - in cooperation with the Department of Public Information, the UN Development Programme (UNDP), UN Office for Partnerships (UNOP) and the UN Foundation - is organizing two panel discussions to highlight the importance of non-profit organizations in development. The two discussions will concentrate on the role of charity in water and sanitation, and poverty alleviation and eradication issues.

Sunday, June 21, 2015

Global Wind Day - 15 June

Global Wind Day is celebrated annually on 15 June. It is a day for making people aware of  wind power.

In more than 80 countries around the world, wind farms are in operation, generating energy from a clean and renewable source.

On Global Wind Day is the day,  wind farms are open for visits by curious people and experts are ready to meet them.

The European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) and the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) coordinate the Global Wind Day through a network of partners. The day started as a European one in 2007 and went Global in 2009.

Wind energy is a mature and mainstream technology and one of the fastest growing industrial sectors in the world with almost $100 billion invested in 2014. In the EU alone, the wind industry installed more than gas and coal combined in 2014 and the cumulative installed capacity meets 10.2% of the region's electricity consumption,


India Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association
4th Floor, Samaon Towers, 403L, Pantheon Road, Egmore, Chennai - 600008, India

In June 2015, India stands at the fifth position globally, in terms of wind power capacity. The installed capacity of wind power in India has reached 23,444 MW. Wind power plants are iin Tamilnadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.

Government of India has set up a target of 60 MW by 2022.

Madhusudhan Khemka, MD, Regen Powertech.

Sunday, May 10, 2015

India - National Technology Day - 11 May

Technology Development Board - India

Full Page with Detailed Coverage of India National Technology Day 2015 Events

Assocham celebrates 3rd Innovation Summit on 11 May 2015 - National Technology Day.
 Hon'ble Minister for Science & Technology, Government of India, Dr. Harsh Vardhan will address the 3rd Innovation Summit cum Excellence Awards at 09:30 am.

Program of National Science Centre


The collage of achievements and technologies developed by the scientists and engineers of BARC in Chemical Sciences was inaugurated on the day. The research and development activities displayed encompass different disciplines from fundamental chemistry, material science, functional materials, technologies for energy, hydrogen generation and storage, environment, societal applications such as health care, agriculture, management of water resources etc. In terms of scientific publications
in international journals, BARC was recognised by Royal Society of Chemistry, UK as the single
institute with largest number of publications for 2012-13.


President of India, Pranab Mukherjee and Cabinet Minister for Science and Technology, S. Jaipal Reddy

Science and Technology in India - Decade of Achievements - 2004-2013
Report of Science Advisory Council

Year End Review - Ministry of Earth Sciences

Science and Technology Policy 2013

Top 10 Military Technology Achievements by India in 2013

We have to increase research - Mint Article

Science and Technology Policy 2003

Saturday, April 18, 2015

World Quality Day - Second Thursday of November

World Quality Day 2014
For 2014, the theme is ‘Building a Quality World Together’ which focuses on the impact quality professionals make to an organisation.


World Quality Day is  on the second Thursday of the month, 14 November, 2013.2013: ‘Making Collaboration Count’ Designed to reflect the importance of collaborating with colleagues, departments and partner organisations

Previous Years' Theories

2013: ‘Making Collaboration Count’ Designed to reflect the importance of collaborating with colleagues, departments and partner organisations

2012: ‘Quality: Delivering Competitive Advantage’ Derived from the belief that in order to survive during an economic downturn, organisations require a strong competitive advantage, and that quality management and its focus on improving efficiency and productivity can help organisations achieve this.

2011: 'In Pursuit of Excellence’ Recognising that in order to succeed, organisations must continuously strive to improve.

2010: 'Out of the Crisis' Focused on what a fit organisation looks like and the role that quality management professionals play in facilitating fitness.

2009 Organisations worldwide ran events or participated in one of the specially organised regional events.

2008 Saw the first World Quality Day conference at the Imarsat Conference Centre in London and provided a forum for innovation, inspiration and creative ideas.

Previous Days


Tuesday, April 14, 2015

20 February - World Day of Social Justice

2015 Theme: Ending human trafficking and forced labour

Children Living and Working on the Streets in Lebanon. ILO/Tabitha Ross

Social justice is an underlying principle for peaceful and prosperous coexistence within and among nations. We uphold the principles of social justice when we promote gender equality or the rights of indigenous peoples and migrants. We advance social justice when we remove barriers that people face because of gender, age, race, ethnicity, religion, culture or disability.

For the United Nations, the pursuit of social justice for all is at the core of our global mission to promote development and human dignity. The adoption by the International Labour Organization of the Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization is just one recent example of the UN system’s commitment to social justice. The Declaration focuses on guaranteeing fair outcomes for all through employment, social protection, social dialogue, and fundamental principles and rights at work.

The General Assembly proclaimed 20 February as World Day of Social Justice in 2007, inviting Member States to devote the day to promoting national activities in accordance with the objectives and goals of the World Summit for Social Development and the twenty-fourth session of the General Assembly. Observance of World Day of Social Justice should support efforts of the international community in poverty eradication, the promotion of full employment and decent work, gender equity and access to social well-being and justice for all.

Tuesday, April 7, 2015

World Health Day - 7 April

World Health Day 2015 Theme - Foodborne Illnesses

New data on the harm caused by foodborne illnesses underscore the global threats posed by unsafe foods, and the need for coordinated, cross-border action across the entire food supply chain. World Health Day will be celebrated on 7 April, with WHO highlighting the challenges and opportunities associated with food safety under the slogan "From farm to plate, make food safe."

On 2nd April 2015, WHO is issuing the first findings from what is a broader ongoing analysis of the global burden of foodborne diseases. The full results of this research, being undertaken by WHO’s Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG), are expected to be released in October 2015.

Some important results are related to enteric infections caused by viruses, bacteria and protozoa that enter the body by ingestion of contaminated food. The initial FERG figures, from 2010, show that:

there were an estimated 582 million cases of 22 different foodborne enteric diseases and 351 000 associated deaths;
the enteric disease agents responsible for most deaths were Salmonella Typhi (52 000 deaths), enteropathogenic E. coli (37 000) and norovirus (35 000);
the African region recorded the highest disease burden for enteric foodborne disease, followed by South-East Asia;
over 40% people suffering from enteric diseases caused by contaminated food were children aged under 5 years.
Unsafe food also poses major economic risks, especially in a globalized world. Germany’s 2011 E.coli outbreak reportedly caused US$ 1.3 billion in losses for farmers and industries and US$ 236 million in emergency aid payments to 22 European Union Member States.

Efforts to prevent such emergencies can be strengthened, however, through development of robust food safety systems that drive collective government and public action to safeguard against chemical or microbial contamination of food. Global and national level measures can be taken, including using international platforms, like the joint WHO-FAO International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN), to ensure effective and rapid communication during food safety emergencies.

At the consumer end of the food supply chain, the public plays important roles in promoting food safety, from practising safe food hygiene and learning how to take care when cooking specific foods that may be hazardous (like raw chicken), to reading the labels when buying and preparing food. The WHO Five Keys to Safer Food explain the basic principles that each individual should know all over the world to prevent foodborne diseases.

“It often takes a crisis for the collective consciousness on food safety to be stirred and any serious response to be taken,” says Dr Kazuaki Miyagishima, Director of WHO’s Department of Food Safety and Zoonoses. “The impacts on public health and economies can be great. A sustainable response, therefore, is needed that ensures standards, checks and networks are in place to protect against food safety risks.”

WHO is working to ensure access to adequate, safe, nutritious food for everyone. The Organization supports countries to prevent, detect and respond to foodborne disease outbreaks—in line with the Codex Alimentarius, a collection of international food standards, guidelines and codes of practice covering all the main foods.

Food safety is a cross-cutting issue and shared responsibility that requires participation of non-public health sectors (i.e. agriculture, trade and commerce, environment, tourism) and support of major international and regional agencies and organizations active in the fields of food, emergency aid, and education.

Five Keys

Keep clean
• Wash your hands before handling food and often during
food preparation
• Wash your hands after going to the toilet
• Wash and sanitize all surfaces and equipment used for
food preparation
• Protect kitchen areas and food from insects, pests and
other animals

Separate raw and cooked
• Separate raw meat, poultry and seafood from other foods
• Use separate equipment and utensils such as knives and
cutting boards for handling raw foods
• Store food in containers to avoid contact between raw
and prepared foods

Cook thoroughly
• Cook food thoroughly, especially meat, poultry, eggs
and seafood
• Bring foods like soups and stews to boiling to make sure
that they have reached 70°C. For meat and poultry,
make sure that juices are clear, not pink. Ideally, use a
• Reheat cooked food thoroughly

Keep food at safe temperatures
• Do not leave cooked food at room temperature for
more than 2 hours
• Refrigerate promptly all cooked and perishable food
(preferably below 5°C)
• Keep cooked food piping hot (more than 60°C) prior to serving
• Do not store food too long even in the refrigerator
• Do not thaw frozen food at room temperature

Use safe water and raw materials
• Use safe water or treat it to make it safe
• Select fresh and wholesome foods
• Choose foods processed for safety, such as pasteurized
• Wash fruits and vegetables, especially if eaten raw
• Do not use food beyond its expiry date

There is a growing demand for food safety
information at the international, national and
local level. Working with WHO’s network of
regional and national offices and partner
organizations, the Five Keys messages
can be successfully disseminated all
over the world. WHO encourages
governments, industry and consumer
organizations to disseminate this important
food hygiene message.

World Health Day 2013 Theme - High Blood Pressure

Goals: Greater awareness, healthy behaviours, improved detection, and enabling environments

About high blood pressure

High blood pressure – also known as raised blood pressure or hypertension – increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure. If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure can also cause blindness, irregularities of the heartbeat and heart failure. The risk of developing these complications is higher in the presence of other cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes. One in three adults worldwide has high blood pressure. The proportion increases with age, from 1 in 10 people in their 20s and 30s to 5 in 10 people in their 50s. Prevalence of high blood pressure is highest in some low-income countries in Africa, with over 40% of adults in many African countries thought to be affected.

However, high blood pressure is both preventable and treatable. In some developed countries, prevention and treatment of the condition, together with other cardiovascular risk factors, has brought about a reduction in deaths from heart disease. The risk of developing high blood pressure can be reduced by:

reducing salt intake;
eating a balanced diet;
avoiding harmful use of alcohol;
taking regular physical activity;
maintaining a healthy body weight; and
avoiding tobacco use.

Goals: Greater awareness, healthy behaviours, improved detection, and enabling environments

The ultimate goal of World Health Day 2013 is to reduce heart attacks and strokes. Specific objectives of the campaign are:

to raise awareness of the causes and consequences of high blood pressure;
to provide information on how to prevent high blood pressure and related complications;
to encourage adults to check their blood pressure and to follow the advice of health-care professionals;
to encourage self-care to prevent high blood pressure;
to make blood pressure measurement affordable to all; and
to incite national and local authorities to create enabling environments for healthy behaviours.

World Health Day - 7 April 2012 Theme

Good Health Adds Life to Years

World Health Day 2012 Video

__________________________ <br>


World Health Day - 7 April 2011 Theme

Combat Drug Resistance

No Action Today: No Cure Tomorrow
Slide Presentation
World Health Day - 7 April 2010

1000 Cities, 1000 Lives
With the campaign 1000 cities, 1000 lives, events will be organized worldwide during the week of 7 – 11 April 2010.
The global goals of the campaign are:
1000 cities: to open up public spaces to health, whether it be activities in parks, town hall meetings, clean-up campaigns, or closing off portions of streets to motorized vehicles.
1000 lives: to collect 1000 stories of urban health champions who have taken action and had a significant impact on health in their cities.
OK - 2420

Saturday, March 14, 2015

March - National Days of Countries

1 Bosnia and Herzegovina Independence day
15 - Hungary National Day
20 - Tunisia National Day
21 -Namibia National Day
23 - Pakistan National Day
26 Bangladesh Independence Day

14 March - 3.14 - Pi Day

Pi Day is a celebration commemorating the mathematical constant π (pi). Pi Day is observed on March 14, since 3, 1, and 4 are the first three significant digits of π in decimal form.

The earliest known official or large-scale celebration of Pi Day in USA was organized by Larry Shaw in 1988 at the San Francisco Exploratorium, where Shaw worked as a physicist.

On March 12, 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a non-binding resolution (HRES 224), recognizing March 14, 2009 as National Pi Day.

In the year 2015, Pi Day will have special significance on 3/14/15 at 9:26:53 a.m. and p.m., with the date and time representing the first 10 digits of π (3.141592653).  However, some say that 9:26:54 a.m. and p.m. on 3/14/15 are more accurate because of the 11th digit of π is 5, which would cause the 10th digit to round up to 4.

I came to know about this information through an article published in Bombay Times on 14 March 2015.

March 14 is birthday of Albert Einstein also.

Sunday, March 8, 2015

International Women’s Day - 8th March

A Telugu Film Producer in Mood of Happiness
Picture source:

About the Day

Putting women and women’s rights to equality on the global agenda is the moving force behind International Women’s Day.  The idea of a day for women, celebrated all over the world, began at the beginning of this century in America and Europe.  The focus was the movement for women’s rights and achieving universal suffrage for women.  International Women’s Day really took hold between 1913 and 1917 when women held rallies either to protest the war or to express solidarity with their sisters.  In December 1977 the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming a United Nations Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace.

Since those early years, much progress has been made for women in developed and developing countries alike:  in many countries, provisions guaranteeing the enjoyment of human rights without discrimination on the basis of sex have been included in constitutions;  legal literacy and other measures have been introduced to alert women to their rights and to ensure their access to those rights;  the world community has identified violence against women as a clear violation of women’s rights; incorporating gender perspectives into regular programmes and policies has become a priority at the United Nations and in many member states.

Although much remains to be done to achieve full equality, the voices of women are being heard. March 8th  provides an opportunity to pay tribute to the achievements of women and to highlight the needs and concerns of women on national, regional and global agendas.

Suggested Activities

Suggested Activities for International Women's Day

Many activities about women’s issues can be planned.  The following are only examples of the kinds of activities which can be organized to mark International Women’s Day:

    * Research and make a display to highlight key Canadian women’s rights advocates.  Women in History website can provide a start at:
    * Take a quiz on Women and Work in Canada at:
    * Highlight the contributions of Canadian women.  Information on Canadian women in various fields can be found at National Library of Canada’s website at:
    * Screen a video on the status or rights of women in Canada.  National Film Board of Canada has many interesting titles at:
    * Invite guest speakers from your community to discuss women’s rights issues.  This could be a roundtable, panel discussion or informal discussion group.
    * Read a biography or autobiography of a famous Canadian woman. Suggest this as an idea for your book club.
    * Distribute information about International Women’s Day or women’s achievements.  Women in World History website contains valuable information.  Use it to write a column for your school newspaper.
    * Find out about International Women’s Day events in your community and advertise them and encourage students to attend.
    * Network and exchange information with other community groups working to promote women’s rights.
    * Obtain a copy of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women.  Discuss its various clauses and how to ensure that it respected.

While the suggestions are specific to Canada, they are applicable to all countries.


Theme for International Women's Day 2015

“Empowering Women - Empowering Humanity: Picture It!"

Theme for International Women's Day 2013

The Gender Agenda: Gaining Momentum

Theme for International Women's Day 2012

Connecting Girls, Inspiring Futures

All Years' Themes:

Theme for  International Women's Day 2011

Equal access to education, training and science and technology: Pathway to decent work for women

Events for IWD 2012

Air India All-Women Flights for IWD

Events in Various Countries for IWD 2011 (You can search by countries)


International Women's Day 2011

Accenture released a report on key issues affecting working women. Important issues highlighted in the report are available in:


Related Knols

International Women’s Day - 8th March - Knol Collection on Women
International and World Days - Knol Book
World Days or International Days to Highlight Challenges
Related Webpages

Originally posted on Knol 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 4023

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Saturday, February 21, 2015

Mother Language Day in India - 21 February

Indian Languages included in the Schedule of the Constitution

1. Assamese.

2. Bengali.

3. Gujarati.

4. Hindi.

5. Kannada.

6. Kashmiri.

7. Konkani.

8. Malayalam.

9. Manipuri.

10. Marathi.

11. Nepali.

12. Oriya.

13. Punjabi.

14. Sanskrit.

15. Sindhi.

16. Tamil.

17. Telugu.

18. Urdu.

1. Assamese., 2. Bengali. 3. Gujarati.
4. Hindi. 5. Kannada. 6. Kashmiri.
7. Konkani. 8. Malayalam. 9. Manipuri.
10. Marathi. 11. Nepali. 12. Oriya.
13. Punjabi. 14. Sanskrit. 15. Sindhi.
16.  Tamil. 17. Telugu. 18. Urdu.

Write in Your Mother Tongue

I love my country India

In Hindi

मै मेरा देश  इंडिया को  प्यार करता हूँ।
my meraa desh india ko pyaar kartaa hum.

In Telugu

నేను నా దేశము ఇండియాని ప్రేమిస్తున్నాను.
Nenu naa desamu indiani premistunnaanu.

Thursday, January 29, 2015

India Republic Day 26 January

India declared itself as a Republic on 26 January 1950 and adopted the constitution.

26 January 2015

President of USA, Barack Obama attended the function of as Chief Guest of India.

On 26 January  2012, it is celebrating its 63rd Republic Day.


Her Excellency Ms. Yingluck Shinawatra, Thailand's First Woman Prime Minister is the Chief Guest of Day.

Padma awards for the year were announced

Google Doodle for the year 2012

Friday, January 16, 2015

January - National Days of Countries

1 - Cuba Day of Liberation, Haiti National Day, Samoa Independence Day,  Sudan Independence Day
26 - India Republic Day, Australia Day
31 - Nauru Independence Day

India - National Days - Important Days

New Year’s Day                                                                                             
Birth Anniversary of Satyendranath Bose                                                             
Birth Anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh                                                            
Birth Anniversary of Louise Braille                                                                   
Road Safety Week                                                                                        
Tyagaraja Aradhana Utsavam                                                                      
Death Anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri                                                       
Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekananda/National Youth Day                             
Animal Welfare Fortnight                                                                              
Army Day
Tiruvalluvar Day                                                                                                     
15 (16 in case of leap year)
Death Anniversary of K.L. Sahgal                                                                    
Death Anniversary of Mahadev Goving Ranade                                                
Meghalaya Day                                                                                               
Manipur Day                                                                                                   
Birth Anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose/ National Day of Patriotism                     
India Tourism Day                                                                                           
Himachal Statehood Day                                                                                 
Republic Day                                                                                                   
International Customs Day                                                                               
Birth Anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai                                                                 
All India Handicrafts Week                                                                              
BasantPanchami/ Shri Panchami/ Saraswati Pooja                                                
Martyrs’ Day/ Sarvodaya Day/ Anti Leprosy Day                                            


Anniversary of Non-Cooperation Movement                                                    
Oil Conservation Week                                                                                   
Birth Anniversary of Dr. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur                                    
Birth Anniversary of K.D. Singh Babu                                                  
Birth Anniversary of P.V. Sivaswami Iyer                                                         
Birth Anniversary of Guru Ravidas/ Birth Anniversary of Dr. Zakir Hussain                                
Birth Anniversary of Thomas Alva Edison                                                         
Birth Anniversary of C.F. Andrews                                                                  
Birth Anniversary of Sarojini Naidu                                                                  
Birth Anniversary of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa                                          
Birth Anniversary of Rafi Ahmed Kidwai                                                          
Arunachal Pradesh/ Mizoram Statehood Day                                                   
Maha Shivaratri                                                                                               
Death Anniversary of Kasturba Gandhi                                                
Death Anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad                                             
Martyrdom Day of Chandra Shekhar Azad                                                      
Blind Welfare Week                                                                                        
National Science Day                                                                                      
Union Budget Presentation Day                                                            


International Women’s Week                                                               
Birth Anniversary of Mahaprabhu Chaitanya                                         
National Safety Day                                                                                         
International Women’s Day                                                                              
Commonwealth Day                                                                                        
Dandi March Day                                                                                            
Consumer Rights Day                                                                                      
Immunisation Day                                                                                            
World Forestry Day                                                                                        
First Day of Indian National New Year of Saka 1923                         
International day for Elimination of Racial Discrimination                                   
Birth Anniversary of Surya Sen                                                            
World Day for Water                                                                                      
Birth Anniversary of Dr.Ram Manohar Lohia                                        
World Meteorological Day                                                                              
Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Bhagat Singh                                                        
World TB Day                                                                                                
Death Anniversary of Ganesh Shanker Vidyarthi                                               


Utkal Diwas                                                                                                    
Prevention of Blindness Week                                                              
Ram Navami                                                                                                   
Birth Anniversary of Babu Jagjivan Ram/ Samata Diwas                                   
National Maritime Day                                                                        
Mahavir Jayanti                                                                                               
World Health Day                                                                                           
Birth Anniversary of G.D. Birla                                                            
Jallianwala Bagh Day                                                                           
World Heritage Day                                                                                        
World Earth Day                                                                                             


International Labour Day/ Maharashtra Day                       
World Press Freedom Day                                                                              
Buddha Purnima                                                                                              
World Red Cross Day                                                                                     
Birth Anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore                                                        
Technology Day                                                                                              
World Telecommunication Day                                                            
Anti-Terrorism Day                                                                                        
Goa Statehood Day                                                                                         
World No-Tabacco Day                                                                                 


World Environment Day                                                                                  
Rath Yatra                                                                                                       
International Day against Drug Abuse                                                   


World Population Day                                                                         
Anniversary of Man’s Landing on the moon                                                      
Birth Anniversary of Chandra Shekhar Azad                                                    
Birth Anniversary of Munshi Premchand                                                           

World Breast-Feeding Week                                                                           
Hiroshima Day                                                                                     
Quit India Movement                                                                                      
Independence Day                                                                                           
Birth Anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi/ Sadbhavana Diwas                         
Parsi New Year                                                                                               
Ganesh Chaturthi                                                                                             
National Fortnight of Eyes Donation                                                                 
Birth Anniversary of Mother Teresa                                                                 
Birth Anniversary of Dhyan Chand                                                                   
National Nutrition Week                                                                                  
Birth Anniversary of Dr. S. Radhakirshnan/Teacher Day                                   
International Literacy Day                                                                                
Birth Anniversary of Bhartendu Harishchnadra                                      
Birth Anniversary of Govind Ballabh Pant                                                         
Birth Anniversary of Acharya Vinod Bhave                                                      
Hindu Diwas/Sanchayika Day                                                              
Dayanand Saraswati Jayati                                                                               
World Deaf Day                                                                                              
World Tourism Day                                                                                         
Birth Anniversary of Sardar Bhagat Singh                                                         
TB Seals Day                                                                                                  

Wild Life Week                                                                                               
Military Nursing Service Day                                                                           
International Day for Elderly People                                                                 
National Voluntary Blood Donation Day                                                          
Birth Anniversary of Dr. Annie Besant                                                  
Birth Anniversary of Harzarat Ali                                                                      
Gandhi Jayanthi/National Cleanliness Day                                                         
Birth Anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri                                                         
Anti-Untounchability Week                                                                              
World Habitat Day (Housing)                                                                          
Air Force Day                                                                                                 
World Post Day                                                                                              
Territorial Army Day                                                                                        
World Disaster Reduction Day                                                             
International Film Festival of India                                                                    
Family Welfare Fortnight                                                                                  
Birth Anniversary of Jai Prakash Narayan                                                         
World Standards Day                                                                                      
World Food Day                                                                                             
Birth Anniversary of S. Chandrashekar                                                 
Azad Hind Day                                                                                    
Global Iodine Deficiency Disorder Day                                                
Maha Saptami
UN Day                                                                                                          
World Development Information Day                                                   
Maha Ashatmi
Dussehra (Vijay Dasami)
World Thrift Day                                                                                             
Birth Anniversary of Vallabhbhai Patel                                                  
Death Anniversary of India Gandhi/Anti-Terrorism Day                        

Madhya Pardesh/Andhra Pradesh/ Kerela/Haryana/ Karnataka/
Chhattisgarh Formation Day                                                                            
All Saints Day                                                                                                  
Valmiki Jayanti                                                                                    
Birth Anniversary of Deshabandhu Chittaranjan Das                             
Birth Anniversary of Sir C. V. Raman                                                   
Legal Services Day                                                                                          
Uttaranchal Formation Day                                                                              
International Week of Science                                                              
Dhanwantari Diwas                                                                                         
Nehru Jayanti/Childern’s Day                                                                           
Naraka Chaturdasi/Diwali
Govardhan Puja
Jharkhand Formation Day                                                                                
National Co-operative Week/ Soil Conservation Week                        
International Day for Tolerance and Peace                                                       
Bhai Duj
Indira Gandhi Jayanti/National Integration Day                                     
Child Right Day                                                                                               
NCC Day                                                                                                      
Constitution Day                                                                                              
Guru Nank Jayanti
World AIDS Day                                                                                            
Nagaland Statehood Day                                                                                 
National Pollution Control Day                                                             
Bhopal Gas Tragedy Day                                                                                 
National Conservation Day                                                                              
Birth Anniversary of Dr. Rajendra Prasad                                                         
Navy Day                                                                                                        
Armed Forces Flag Day                                                                                  
SAARC Day/ SAARC Girl Child Day                                                 
National Day of Mentally Retarded                                                                  
World Children’s Week                                                                                   
Birth Anniversary of Moulana Muhammad Ali                                      
Human Right Day                                                                                            
Birth Anniversary of Sbramaniam Bharati                                                         
National Energy Conservation Day                                                                 
Minorities Rights Day                                                                                       
Guru Teg Bahadur Martyrdom Day                                                                  
Martyrdom Day of Ashfaqulla Khan & Ram Parsad Bismil                               
Goa Liberation Day                                                                                        
Birth Anniversary of Charan Singh/ Kishan Diwas                                             
Birth Anniversary of Shri Madan Mohan Malaviya                                            
Foundation Day of India National Congress