Thursday, June 19, 2014

July -International/World Days and National Days of Countries

1 Canada, Burundi, Somalia
3 Belarus
4 United States Independence Day
5 Cape verde, Venezuela
6 Comoros, Malawi
10 Bahamas
11 Mongolia
12 Kiribati
13 Montenegro
14 France Bastille Day
15 Brunei Royal Birthday
17 Iraq
20 Colombia
21 Belgium
23 Egypt
26 Liberia Independence day ,   Maldives
28 Peru
30  Morocco Accession Day, Vanuatu Independence Day
31 Benin, Switzerland

USA - Independence Day - 4th July

USA - Independence Day - 4th July

USA - Independence Day - 4th July

God Bless America


Fourth of July is Independence Day of USA.

Independence Day honors the birthday of the United States of America and the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.
It's a day of picnics and patriotic parades, a night of concerts and fireworks, and a reason to fly the American flag.
Facts and History - US Governement Website


More videos on National days on Noteworthynews channel





President Obama's Address 2011



Collected Knols

  • American Flag
    Flag of the United States of America
  • USA Knol Month - July
    Highlighting Knols on USA, Knol authors from USA and Knol authors on USA Issues
  • Knol Sub-Directory - United States of America (U.S.A.) - Interesting Knols
    Knols on USA , Its States and Cities
  • History of U.S.A. - Web Pages

Friday, June 6, 2014

USA - National Donut Day - First Friday, June

National Doughnut Day is a 76-year-old tradition that was first launched by the Salvation Army to commemorate World War I volunteers and is now held on the first Friday in June. 

Tuesday, June 3, 2014

World Music Day - June 21 - Programmes

World Music Day - June 21  Collection of music knols

World Music Day 2014 - Programmes

33th edition - When music comes across the energy of the inhabitants:
this year Fête de la Musique celebrates urban music
The original excitement, creative and festive, which mixes cultures and walks through the streets of the world, sometimes, like hip-hop, was a conterculture.

Today, joining the large traditional marching bands, bandas or batucadas, sometimes tinted with sounds due to the explosion of electronic music, urban music is undeniably a major cultural and artistic phenomenon accessible to everyone.







World Music Day 2012 - Programmes






on Thursday, June 21, 2012 4:00 pm to Friday, June 22, 2012 at 8:00 pm
Location: Blueberry Hill, Verna, Goa


Hari Hara Kala Bhavan

Alliance Française of Hyderabad in association with
Hyderabad Western Music Foundation &
Goethe-Zentrum Hyderabad

World Music Day 2011 - Programmes

Palo Alto
10 June 2011, Free Music Concert
In Five cities

Knol Month of Music - June  launched

Programmes in India 2011

A special evening of unique performances organised by the Nagaland based Rattle And Hum Music Society at Chowdiah Hall in Bangalore.

North East Zone Cultural Zone (NEZCC) organized a programme. The organizers said that they are trying  to give a platform to home grown musicians. The concert was unveiled with performance by veteran sitarist from Assam Hem Hazarika and his son Subhankar.  NE Express from Delhi, Snow White from Shillong, and Abiogenisis, and Alice In Wonderland from Nagaland are the other bands that performed on the occasion.

Programmes in India 2010


Celebration of World Music Day Concert at G D Birla Sabhagar

Venue : G.D. Birla Sabhagar, 29, Ashutosh Chowdhury Avenue, Ballygunge Phanri, South , Kolkata
Event Schedule : 21-06-2010

Kolkata has more programmes.

At, Alliance Francaise Auditorium and Max Mueller Bhavan french films related to Music were screened on 19th June.


La Fête de la Musique Concert
Alliance Française de Pune at Max Mueller Bhavan
14/3-B, Boat Club Road, Pune 411001, India
Tel +91 20 26161042,      +91 20 26164945

Monday, June 2, 2014

World Thyroid Day - 25 May

World Thyroid Day was established in 2008 as part of a campaign led by the European Thyroid Association ( and the American Thyroid Association ( to emphasize the prevalence of thyroid diseases, to focus on the urgent need for education and prevention programs and to increase awareness of new treatment modalities.

Asia-Oceania Thyroid Association (

2013 ETA Guideline for Managing Subclinical Hypothyroidism


The American Thyroid Association, in cooperation with its sister associations the world over, supports World Thyroid Day, May 25, 2010, marking it as a day to promote awareness and understanding of thyroid health and the advances made in treating thyroid diseases.

World Environment Day - 5th June

World Environment Day - 5th June

World Environment Day - 5th June

Celebration of World Environment Day on 5 June 2014 Theme for the Year 2014

"Raise Your Voice, Not the Sea Level"



You can contribute. Please give news and events related to your country, city and organization through comments


About World Environment Day 

World Environment Day (WED) was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972 to mark the opening of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.

Commemorated yearly on 5 June, WED is one of the principal vehicles through which the United Nations stimulates worldwide awareness of the environment and enhances political attention and action. The day's agenda is to:

Give a human face to environmental issues;
Empower people to become active agents of sustainable and equitable development;
Promote an understanding that communities are pivotal to changing attitudes towards environmental issues;
Advocate partnership which will ensure all nations and peoples enjoy a safer and more prosperous future.


World Environment Day - 5 June 2014

"Raise Your Voice, Not the Sea Level"

Read more about rise in sea levels due to climate change

Prize Winning Video - Vlogging Competition


Environmental Science, Engineering, Technology, and Management Systems & Practices - 2014


World Environment Day - 5 June 2012

Theme 2012

Green Economy Does it include YOU

Message by UN Secretary General,-5-june-2012.html

Message UNESCO Secretary General




World Environment Day - 5 June 2011

Theme for the Year 2011 - Forests: Nature At Your Service


Environment Day 2011 - Theme Video


Forests cover one third of the earth’s land mass, performing vital functions and services around the world which make our planet alive with possibilities.   They play a key role in our battle against climate change, releasing oxygen into the atmosphere while storing carbon dioxide.

Forests feed our rivers and are essential to supplying the water for nearly 50% of our largest cities.  They create and maintain soil fertility; they help to regulate the often devastating impact of storms, floods and fires.

Forests also provide shelter, jobs, security and cultural relevance for forest-dependent populations.  They are the green lungs of the earth, vital to the survival of people everywhere -- all seven billion of us.

Forests embody so much of what is good and strong in our lives. Yet despite all of these priceless ecological, economic, social and health benefits, we are destroying the very forests we need to live and breathe.

Global deforestation continues at an alarming rate -- every year, 13 million hectares of forest are destroyed.  That’s equal to the size of Portugal.  Economists around the world have proven that by not integrating the values of forests into their budgets, countries and businesses are paying a high price.  One that ultimately impoverishes us all as harm to our forest life-support system continues each and every single day.

Conserving forests and expanding them need to be recognized as a business opportunity.  When we add it up, an investment of US$30 billion fighting deforestation and degradation could provide a return of US$2.5 trillion in new products and services.

The services forests provide are essentially to every aspect of our quality of life. And the answer to sustainable forest management, moving towards a green economy, lies in our hands.


Help plant a forest with Don Cheadle and Gisele Bündchen

2011 UNEP Champions of the Earth Awards


Host Country of 2011



Minister for Environment, India - Address


NDTV India's Greenathon 24 hours program on NDTV Profit

About Greenathon

Greenathon Videos

Photos of Greenathon


World Environment Day - 5 June 2011 A to Z

Adopt as many eco-friendly lifestyle choices as you can and make them habits.
Bring a cloth bag to do all you’re shopping.
Choose public transport.
Conserve energy. Turn off the lights to brighten our environment.


Google Knol and Knol Authors - Conscious of Environment Issues

Knol Author Foundation Writing Contest
Environment is a topic in the contest. All requested to submit articles/knols to the contest.

New Knols on Environment

Green Cities and Towns of India - Green Certification of Indian Cities and Towns
Green Reading
Our Existence Depends on Trees: An Alert to the General Public and the Tree Fellers


World Environment Day - 5 June 2010

The theme of WED 2010 is “Many Species. One Planet. One Future.” It echoes the urgent call to conserve the diversity of life on our planet.  A world without biodiversity is a very bleak prospect. Millions of people and millions of species all share the same planet, and only together can we enjoy a safer and more prosperous future.
(Source:    )


Advertisement by Companies in Various Papers of India on 5 June 2010

1. Garnier: A Bottle That Takes Cares of the Environment  Take Care Garnier
2. The city of Lavasa is celebrating World Environment Day . Like it does every day. 
3. Doing our bit for the planet. 23 Kilometres per litre at time. Indigo e-CS
4. It will be green   - Nerolac Paints


The Economic Times organized a roundtable discussion on - "A Sustainable Tomorrow: An Imperative for High Performance Nation" in association with Accenture in Mumbai and published the summary of the discussion in the Economic Times dated 4.6.2010.

Mr. Ramakrishan Mukundan, MD, Tata Chemicals, Arjun Balakrishnan, Directory, Operations & Planning, Panasonic India, Dr. Prodipto Ghosh of TERI (Member of PM's Council on Climate Change) and Rajesh Sennik, Head Strategy Solutions, Accenture participated in the discussion.

The proceedings will aired on TV on 5th June 2010 at 6:30 pm and on 6th June at 5 pm on ET NOW .

I heard the proceedings on the TV yesterday. I have to post the important points made in the discussion.

The Chief Sustainability Officer reporting to CEO has to evolve. Every CXO reporting to the CEO points out the fact that the issue is on the CEO agenda and CEO has set up an organization for managing the issue. Managing the issue involves setting the objectives and goals in that area, and planning programs and activities, and all the activities required to achieve the plans.


Maharashtra State Government announced and awarded Vasundhara Awards on June 5, 2010

First Prize: Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation
Second Prize: Thane Municipal Corporation
Third Prize: Nashik Municipal Corporation


World Environment Day - 5 June 2009

The theme for WED 2009 is 'Your Planet Needs You-UNite to Combat Climate Change'. It reflects the urgency for nations to agree on a new deal at the crucial climate convention meeting in Copenhagen some 180 days later in the year, and the links with overcoming poverty and improved management of forests.

This year’s host is Mexico.  .

Mexico is also a leading partner in UNEP's Billion Tree Campaign. The country, with the support of its President and people, has spearheaded the pledging and planting of some 25 per cent of the trees under the campaign. Accounting for around 1.5 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, the country is demonstrating its commitment to climate change on several fronts.

Mexican President Felipe Calderon states that the WED celebration will “further underline Mexico's determination to manage natural resources and deal with the most demanding challenge of the 21st century – climate change.”

Environmental Performance Index (EPI) for various countries 

(Report Released in 2010)
Environmental Performance Index (EPI) for various countries  is  produced by a team of environmental experts at Yale University and Columbia University. The exercise was started in 2006. 2010 study is is the third edition of the EPI, which has been revisited biannually.

2010 report was released  at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2010 on 28th January. The EPI ranks 163 countries on their performance across 25 metrics aggregated into ten categories. The categories include environmental health, air quality, water resource management, biodiversity and habitat, forestry, fisheries, agriculture, and climate change.

Iceland’s is ranked at number one due to its top-notch performance in environmental public health, controlling greenhouse gas emissions, and reforestation. Other top performers include Switzerland, Costa Rica, Sweden, and Norway – all of which have made substantial investments in environmental infrastructure, pollution control, and policies designed to move toward long-term sustainability.
Occupying the bottom five positions are Togo, Angola, Mauritania, the Central African Republic, and Sierra Leone – impoverished countries that lack basic environmental amenities and policy capacity.
The United States places 61st in the 2010 EPI, with strong results on some issues, such as provision of safe drinking water and forest sustainability, and weak performance on other issues including greenhouse gas emissions and several aspects of local air pollution. This ranking puts the United States significantly behind other industrialized nations like the United Kingdom (14th), Germany (17th), and Japan (20th). Over 20 members of the European Union outrank the United States. The 2010 EPI is based  on data from before 2009.
Of the new rapidly  industrialized nations, China and India rank 121st and 123rd respectively. However, Brazil and Russia rank 62nd and 69th, suggesting that the level of development is just one of many factors affecting placement in the rankings. India and China can do better in environmental policy and programs.
The 2010 EPI report provides a detailed analysis for each country, showing its performance on each of the 25 basic indicators, the ten core policy categories, and the two over-arching objectives of environmental public health and ecosystem vitality. The report also provide comparison among similar countries. In the comparisons,  each nation is benchmarked against others that are similarly situated with groupings based on geographic regions, level of development, trading blocs, and demographic characteristics. These peer group rankings make it easy to highlight leaders and laggards on an issue-by-issue basis and to identify “best practices.”

Analysis of the policy drivers underlying the 2010 rankings suggests that income is a major determinant of environmental success. At every level of development, however, some countries achieve results that exceed what would be anticipated, demonstrating that policy choices also affect performance. For example, Chile, where substantial investments in environmental protection have been made, ranks 16th, while its neighbor, Argentina, which has done much less to improve its pollution control and natural resource management, lags in 70th place. Regulatory rigor, the rule of law and good governance, and the absence of corruption also show strong correlations with high EPI scores.
 “The 2010 EPI shows the potential for a much more analytically rigorous approach to environmental decisionmaking, but substantial investments in indicators that are systematically tracked and transparently displayed will be needed.” The Environmental Performance Index builds on the best data available with indicators drawn from international organizations, such as the World Bank, the UN Development Programme, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, as well as research groups such as the World Resources Institute and the University of British Columbia. But many of these data sets are based on reporting by national governments that is not subject to any external review or verification. There are serious data gaps, that limit the ability to measure performance on a number of important issues. Incomplete data resulted in the exclusion of dozens of countries from the 2010 EPI. “High-quality data combined with appropriate statistical analysis can certainly help policymakers identify problems and trends, hone preferred policy approaches, and more effectively leverage public investments in environmental protection,” said Jay Emerson, professor of statistics at Yale and one of the leaders of the 2010 EPI effort.
The full report can be downloaded from The ranking of the countries is also available on the main page.
Main Report (8.6 MB)
Ranking charts (275.8 KB)
Country profiles (33.3 MB)

Messages by World Leaders - WED 2009


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World Environment Day 2009

The economic and financial turmoil sweeping the globe is a true wake-up call, sounding an alarm about the need to improve upon old patterns of growth and make a transition to a new era of greener, cleaner development.  The theme of this year’s World Environment Day ‑‑ “Your planet needs you” ‑‑ is meant to inspire all of us to do our part.

The Earth faces the grave threat of climate change.  While all countries will suffer, the poor will bear the brunt of the impact.  But we also have an opportunity to change course.  Crucial climate change talks will take place in Copenhagen in December.  Together, we must press Governments to “Seal the Deal” for a new climate agreement.

The world also needs a “Green New Deal” focused on investing in renewable sources of energy, eco-friendly infrastructure and energy efficiency.  This will not only create jobs and spur recovery but also help tackle global warming.  If we invest even part of the substantial new economic stimulus packages in the green economy, we can turn today’s crisis into tomorrow’s sustainable growth. Moreover, countries that make the transition to a low-carbon society will reap more than significant environmental benefits; they will be well placed to share their new technology with others.

But our planet needs more than just action by Governments and corporations; it needs each of us.  Although individual decisions may seem small in the face of global threats and trends, when billions of people join forces in common purpose we can make a tremendous difference.

On this World Environment Day, I encourage all people to take concrete steps towards making the planet greener and cleaner.  Switch off the lights.  Take public transportation.  Recycle.  Plant a tree.  Clean up your local park.  Hold corporations responsible for their environmental practices.  And urge your Government representatives to seal the deal in Copenhagen.


Messages by Academicians
Our dependence on carbon-based energy has caused a significant build-up of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. We know that climate change is happening, and we know that the GHGs we emit are the cause. The environmental, economic and political implications of global warming are profound.  The economic and financial slowdown faced by the globe today, is sounding an alarm about the need to make a transition to a new era of greener and cleaner development.  The world needs to focus on investing in renewable sources of energy; eco-friendly infrastructure and energy efficiency that will help tackle global warming. 
Our planet needs more than just action by Governments and corporations; it needs each of us.  Although individual decisions may seem small in the face of global threats and trends, when billions of people join forces in common purpose we can make a tremendous difference. The theme of this year’s World Environment Day ‑‑ “Your planet needs you. UNite to combat climate change”-- is meant to inspire all of us to do our part. Whether you are an individual, an organization, a business or a government, there are many steps you can take to reduce your carbon footprint.  It is message we all must take to heart. While governments can provide a framework for sustainable development that preserves the ecological capital of the world, each and every one of us can contribute to the preservation of our environment.
World Environment Day is an occasion for us to realize that we are all permanently connected to the World Wide Web of Life. Let us strive to understand it and to respect it. Our future depends on it.
Neelima S Naik
Professor and Group Coordinator
ISE Group, NITIE, Mumbai

Celebration Programmes



On the 5th of June 2009 Scouts will join in the annual celebrations of World Environment Day, participating in environmental education activities, tree planting projects and community celebrations throughout the world.
Scouts are an official partner with the United Nations Environment Programme to celebrate this day, with Luc Panissod, Secretary General of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, calling on our members to share their activities with the UNEP World Environment Day website.
"World Scouting calls all young people, Scouts and non-Scouts, to engage with UNEP on the occasion of World Environment Day. Raising awareness on climate change and working towards achieving better living conditions has increased Scouting's commitment to addressing environmental issues. Youth empowerment is an integral part of World Scouting policy to invite young people to become agents of change," Mr Panissod said.

Kiama group's launch of Kiama Future Care  marks World Environment Day
A non-political, not-for-profit environment group is being launched in Kiama today to mark World Environment Day.
The Mayor of Kiama, Sandra McCarthy, will officially launch Kiama Future Care at the Sebel Harbourside.


Canada is celebrating Canadian Environment Week during May 31 - June 6, 2009.

Some of the measures it is advocating to citizens:

  • Change at least one light bulb to a compact fluorescent. Those qualified to ENERGY STAR® use about a quarter as much electricity as a conventional light bulb to produce the same amount of light. Compact fluorescents cost a bit more than incandescents, but they last up to ten times longer. 

  • Turn off your computer when you're not using it. A home computer, monitor, and printer can use up to 200 watts of electricity. At both work and home, set your monitor to go into "sleep" mode if it is idle for more than 5 minutes, and your computer to do the same after 15.

  • Carry a cloth bag or keep one in your car.   Avoid traditional plastic bags in favour of reusable totes.  Most plastic bags wind up in landfill sites, where they can take up to a thousand years to biodegrade.  A cloth tote is durable, easy to carry and much more eco-friendly!


A green fashion of children was held on 2nd on the occasion of upcoming WED

To coincide with World Environment Day Zhou Shengxian, minister of environmental protection, announced he is leading his 200-odd staff into all-out warfare, including a publicity plan to promote green modernization



Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India is organizing various functions on the occasion of World Environment Day 2009.

Shri Jairam Ramesh, Minister of Environment and Forests (Independent charge ) will preside over the function. Dr Ashok Khosla, Chairman, Development Alternatives and President, IUCN and Club of Rome will deliever key-note address. 

The Ministry of Environment and Forests has organized a function where the President of India will give awards for conservation and preservation of Environment ,Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskars, Young environmentalist of the year award- 2009 on this occasion. This environmental hero has been selected by National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) from the class 8th to 12th who often go unrecognized after competitions. The Prize recognize individual for sustain and significant affords to protect and Hanes environment 

The Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraksar (IGPP) will be also given to individual and to organizations. This award is given in recognition to those who had made major impact of environment this year, IGPP award will be given for the year 2006 and 2007.The ministry has awarded 35 IGPP awards since 1987. 

New discoveries of flora and fauna recorded during the year 2008 will be released tomorrow.The scientists of Botanical Survey of India and other institutions discovered 3 genera, 108 Species 48 sub species, 12 verities, and 1 forma and new to science and 24 spices and 3 verities as new records for Indian flora.. Scientists at Zoological Survey of India discovered 37 new species and 9 new records from India, Nepal and Shri Lanka. These books are Plant Discoveries- 2008 and Animal Discoveries -2008. 

To encourage original writing in Hindi on environmental subject, the ministry gives 4 annual awards since 1987. The first, the second, and the third winners are given Rs. 31000 and 25000 and Rs 20000 respectively. One consolation award is also given with Rs 15000. The awardees also get citation. 

NMNH will also celebrate 31st foundation day along with World Environment Day. NMNH organizes programmes to sensitization of young minds towards environmental issues and concern through out the year. . NMNH also organizes a month long programmes during summer vacation for children and regular workshop and school teachers. A Poster giving message to protect environment will be distributed. 

Today also the papers had some news on Environment.

The Economic Times had a new item regarding the report of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on GlobalTrends in Sustainable Energy Investment, 2009. According to the report, global investment in clean energy witnessed a four fold increase in 2008 compared to 2004. $155 billion was invested in 2008 and developing countries share was $36.6 billion.
The Times of India in their supplement Times Property carried an article on retrofitting old buildings to improve their energy consumption. They gave the example of retrofitting of Empire State Building in New York.
Empire State Building was recently retrofitted. The modification is expected to reduce energy consumption up to 38 percent.


Russian nature lovers and environmentalists mark the World Environment Day.
Russia’s Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology, Yuri Trutnev, confirmed that some progress has been made over the past years in the field of environmental protection: the government approved amendments to the environmental legislation and tightened measures against ecological violations.
According to  The World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the major threats the Russian environment is facing nowadays: global climate change, low ecological consciousness and poor environmental management.


Green Street Challenge

Residents of York, UK will be given the opportunity make their Street the Greenest in the city in a new campaign launched on World Environment Day – Friday 5 June 2009.

The York Green Street Challenge is a joint project between the City of York Council, York Environment Partnership and Stockholm Environment Institute's (SEI) office at the at the University of York.

For more information, contact SEI York researcher and Green Street challenge coordinator, Dr Gary Haq,


News Related to Earlier Years

Statement of Crop Life International


Knols Related to Environment

Keyline design principles





Pet preform manufacturers

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Thank you for sharing this.
pet preform manufacturers in india - 18 Aug 2011

PET Preforms

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pet preform manufacturers in india - 13 Jul 2011

Short urls
Narayana Rao - 04 Jun 2011

No Worries Here

Dear Gust,
I appreciate your concern and I very well noted it too,
I could very well imagine and sense the reason behind Mr. Rao purposely avoided that knol's mention here. To tell you the truth Mr.Rao, Mr. Gust, I have no worries, even without mentioning here, that knol got its due mention and appreciation it deserved for, Many well known authors of knol made note of it and encouraged me a lot in creating such a knol I ones again express my heartfelt thanks to each one of them who supported me in creating such a knol, A special thanks to dear Gust.

Rao Saaheb, let me repeat I have no worries on your attitude towards this knol I can very well understand the dilemma you are going thru behind. No prob, Take care. Keep helping the newbies here.
Best Regards
Br. Ariel
P V Ariel - 06 Jun 2010
Thanks Raogaaru for the quick response, sorry for the Interruption
P V Ariel - 06 Jun 2010
Dear Brother Ariel

Thank you for the comment, understanding and support.

I have no problems and issues to mention any author's knols. Especially when those knols are meant for pointing out many knols.

The point is that I cannot keep working on these knols. As we said in Knol Author News as well as Trending Knols we are looking for authors to come forward and include their knol links in relevant places. I am burdened already with the work on knol and I am still continuing it somehow as withdrawing at this stage is not right. Once I see that many new active authors have appeared and knol platform is declared to be out of danger, I shall take full rest for two to three months. I am complaining of fatigue but keeping my output still at the same pace.

Narayana Rao - 06 Jun 2010

Linking to knols...

Dear NRao,

I miss an Indian Knol in here? Maybe my eyes are getting bad and I didn't see it?

Best regards,
Gust MEES - 06 Jun 2010
Dear Gust,
I appreciate your concern and I very well noted it too,
I could very well imagine and sense the reason behind Mr. Rao purposely avoided that knol's mention here. To tell you the truth Mr.Rao, Mr. Gust, I have no worries, even without mentioning here, that knol got its due mention and appreciation it deserved for, Many well known authors of knol made note of it and encouraged me a lot in creating such a knol I ones again express my heartfelt thanks to each one of them who supported me in creating such a knol, A special thanks to dear Gust for its design and look.

Rao Saaheb,
Let me repeat I have no worries on your attitude towards this knol I can very well understand the dilemma you are going thru behind. No prob, Take care. Keep helping the newbies here.
Best Regards
Br. Ariel
P V Ariel - 06 Jun 2010
Dear NRao,

Thank you for the quick response. As I don't want to search...

And THANKS for the respect You are giving Your co-authors...
Gust MEES - 05 Jun 2010
Dear NRao,

Internet doesn't forget anything... Even publications which were made years ago are still available through an archive on Internet, didn't You know that?

BTW: I still miss the link in Your knol???

Some explications for people (our readers) who don't know the abbreviations:

BTW means "By The Way"... and is a "reminder" ;-)

AS Knol Author's we write for our readers (not for ourself), so why fore those explications...

Best regards,
Gust MEES - 05 Jun 2010

Thank you for the quick response.

You have to search
Narayana Rao - 05 Jun 2010
Thank you for pointing it out.

Knol Community needs many more active knollers like you.

I am trying to encourage new knol authors to interact with other authors through comments right from the moment they write their first knol. I am stressing the role of social media in promoting a knol in the early days of its posting. Search engines can take it up only after some days have passed.
Narayana Rao - 05 Jun 2010

Sunday, June 1, 2014

Italy - Republic Day - 2 June

Republic Day, also known as Festa della Repubblica in Italian (Festival of the Republic), is celebrated  in Italy on June 2 each year. It celebrates the day when Italians voted to abolish the monarchy in 1946 become a republic.

World Milk Day - 1 June

Where did it begin?

FAO (the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations) was asked to propose a specific day on which all aspects of milk could be celebrated.

Why 1st June?

This date was chosen because a number of countries were already celebrating a national milk day on or around this time. Late May was originally proposed, but some countries, for example China, felt they already had too many celebrations in that month. While most countries hold their celebrations on 1st June, some choose to hold them a week or so before or after this date.

Why hold a World Milk Day?

The Day provides an opportunity to focus attention on milk and to publicise activities connected with milk and the milk industry. The fact that many countries choose to do this on the same day lends additional importance to individual national celebrations and shows that milk is a global food.

Since the first World Milk Day was held in 2001, many countries spread throughout the world have participated in the celebrations and the number is growing each year.


Rise a glass to celebrate world milk day - UK

Amul - Distributor of milk and milk products - Still in growth phase

How much milk to drink?

Kerala's goal - Achieve self sufficiency in milk production
India is the largest producer of milk in the world.

Global Day of Parents - 1 June

About the Day

The Global Day of Parents is observed on the 1st of June every year. The Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 2012 with resolution A/RES/66/292 and honours parents throughout the world. The Global Day provides an opportunity to appreciate all parents in all parts of the world for their selfless commitment to children and their lifelong sacrifice towards nurturing this relationship.

In its resolution, the General Assembly also noted that the family has the primary responsibility for the nurturing and protection of children and that children, for the full and harmonious development of their personality, should grow up in a family environment and in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding.

The resolution recognizes the role of parents in the rearing of children and invites Member States to celebrate the Day in full partnership with civil society, particularly involving young people and children.


Parents of every race, religion, culture and nationality in all parts of the world are the primary caregivers and teachers of their children, preparing them for a happy, fulfilling and productive life. Parents are the anchors of the family and the foundation of our communities and societies.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child expressly recognizes that parents have the most important role in the bringing up children. The text encourages parents to deal with rights issues with their children "in a manner consistent with the evolving capacities of the child" (article 5). Parents, who are intuitively aware of their child's level of development, will do this naturally. The issues they discuss, the way in which they answer questions, or the discipline methods they use will differ depending on whether the child is 3, 9 or 16 years of age.


Traditionally in many societies, fathers have been moral teachers, disciplinarians and breadwinners.  In many countries, there is now an increased emphasis on the father’s role as a co-parent, fully engaged in the emotional and practical day-to-day aspects of raising children. Recent research has affirmed the positive impact of active involvement by fathers in the development of their children.

Yet challenges persist for fathers -- and for society and social policy.  Too many men have difficulty assuming the responsibilities of fatherhood, often with damaging consequences to families, and inevitably, society at large.  Some fathers inflict domestic violence or even sexual abuse, devastating families and creating profound physical and emotional scars in children. Others abandon their families outright and fail to provide support.

At the international level, migration forces many fathers to often face separation from their families.

These challenges all highlight the deep and universal need for positive father figures in families. As our understanding of fatherhood grows, there is an opportunity for men to re-envision imaginatively what it means to be a father and to see opportunities to make a difference in communities.


Mothers play a critical role in the family, which is a powerful force for social cohesion and integration.  The mother-child relationship is vital for the healthy development of children. And mothers are not only caregivers; they are also breadwinners for their families. Yet women continue to face major -- and even life-threatening -- challenges in motherhood.

Childbirth, which should be a cause for celebration, is a grave health risk for too many women in developing countries.  Improving maternal health is the Millennium Development Goal on which the least progress has been made. A woman in a least-developed country is 300 times more likely to die in childbirth, or from pregnancy-related complications, than a woman in a developed country.  We must make pregnancy and childbirth safer by enabling health systems to provide family planning, skilled attendants at birth and emergency obstetric care.

Violence against women, many of whom are mothers, remains one of the most pervasive human rights violations of our time. It has far-reaching consequences -- endangering the lives of women and girls, harming their families and communities, and damaging the very fabric of societies.  Ending and preventing violence against women should be a key priority for all countries.

We must also ensure universal access to education. The benefits of educating women and girls accrue not only to individual families, but to whole countries, unlocking the potential of women to contribute to broader development efforts. Statistics also show that educated mothers are much more likely to keep their children in school, meaning that the benefits of education transcend generations.

As we strive to support mothers in their caregiving work, we should develop and expand family-friendly policies and services, such as childcare centres that would reduce some of the workload placed on women. Women and men, alike, need stronger public support to share equally in work and family responsibilities.  Families built on the recognition of equality between women and men will contribute to more stable and productive societies.


Raising Children - Happy Parenting - TED Talk




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